See also: Loth and lóð

EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

See loath.

AdjectiveEdit

loth (comparative lother, superlative lothest)

  1. (Britain) Alternative form of loath
    I was loth to return to the office without the Henderson file.
Usage notesEdit
  • The spelling loath is about four times as common as loth in Britain, and about fifty times as common in the United States. Loth had more currency in the US in the 19th century, appearing in Webster’s 1828 dictionary, but not the 1913 edition.
  • The word should not be confused with the related verb loathe.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From German Loth (obsolete), Lot, later also from Dutch lood, both specific usages of the word for ‘lead’. Doublet of lead.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

loth (plural loths)

  1. (now historical) A measure of weight formerly used in Germany, the Netherlands and some other parts of Europe, equivalent to half of the local ounce. [from 17th c.]
    • 1999, Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke, translating Paracelsus, Opus Paramirum, in Essential Readings, North Atlantic Books 1999, p. 100:
      It is not a matter of body but of virtues, which is why the fifth essence was invented, of which one loth is superior to the twenty pounds of the body from which it was extracted.

AnagramsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English lāþ (hateful)

AdjectiveEdit

loth

  1. hateful, evil
  2. reluctant

Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *lutā.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

loth f (genitive loithe, nominative plural latha)

  1. mud
  2. swamp, marsh

InflectionEdit

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative lothL loithL lothaH
Vocative lothL loithL lothaH
Accusative loithN loithL lothaH
Genitive loitheH lothL lothN
Dative loithL lothaib lothaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
loth
also lloth after a proclitic
loth
pronounced with /l(ʲ)-/
loth
also lloth after a proclitic
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

loth f (genitive singular lotha, plural lothan)

  1. foal
  2. filly