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Etymology 1Edit

See loath.


loth (comparative lother, superlative lothest)

  1. (Britain) Alternative form of loath
    I was loth to return to the office without the Henderson file.
Usage notesEdit
  • The spelling loath is about four times as common as loth in Britain, and about fifty times as common in the United States. Loth had more currency in the US in the 19th century, appearing in Webster’s 1828 dictionary, but not the 1913 edition.
  • The word should not be confused with the related verb loathe.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From German Loth (obsolete), Lot, later also from Dutch lood, both specific usages of the word for ‘lead’.



loth (plural loths)

  1. (now historical) A measure of weight formerly used in Germany, the Netherlands and some other parts of Europe, equivalent to half of the local ounce. [from 17th c.]
    • 1999, Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke, translating Paracelsus, Opus Paramirum, in Essential Readings, North Atlantic Books 1999, p. 100:
      It is not a matter of body but of virtues, which is why the fifth essence was invented, of which one loth is superior to the twenty pounds of the body from which it was extracted.


Middle EnglishEdit


From Old English lāþ (hateful)



  1. hateful, evil
  2. reluctant

Scottish GaelicEdit


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loth f (genitive singular lotha, plural lothan)

  1. foal
  2. filly