See also: Loth and lóð

EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

See loath.

AdjectiveEdit

loth (comparative lother, superlative lothest)

  1. (Britain) Alternative form of loath
    I was loth to return to the office without the Henderson file.
Usage notesEdit
  • The spelling loath is about four times as common as loth in Britain, and about fifty times as common in the United States. Loth had more currency in the US in the 19th century, appearing in Webster’s 1828 dictionary, but not the 1913 edition.
  • The word should not be confused with the related verb loathe.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From German Loth (obsolete), Lot, later also from Dutch lood, both specific usages of the word for ‘lead’. Doublet of lead.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ləʊt/
  • (file)

NounEdit

loth (plural loths)

  1. (now historical) A measure of weight formerly used in Germany, the Netherlands and some other parts of Europe, equivalent to half of the local ounce. [from 17th c.]
    • 1999, Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke, translating Paracelsus, Opus Paramirum, in Essential Readings, North Atlantic Books 1999, p. 100:
      It is not a matter of body but of virtues, which is why the fifth essence was invented, of which one loth is superior to the twenty pounds of the body from which it was extracted.

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English lāþ (hateful).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

loth

  1. loath (averse, disinclined)
  2. loath (reluctant, unwilling)
    • a. 1472, Thomas Malory, “Capitulum Quintum”, in [Le Morte Darthur], book IV, [London: [] by William Caxton], published 31 July 1485, OCLC 71490786, leaf 62, verso; republished as H[einrich] Oskar Sommer, editor, Le Morte Darthur [], London: David Nutt, [], 1889, OCLC 890162034, lines 10–13, page 124:
      I durſt ſaye that of his age ther is not in this land a better knyghte than he is nor of better condycions and lothe to doo ony wronge / and loth to take ony wronge
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  3. hateful, evil
  4. reluctant

DescendantsEdit

  • English: loath, loth

ReferencesEdit


Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *lutā.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

loth f (genitive loithe, nominative plural latha)

  1. mud
  2. swamp, marsh

InflectionEdit

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative lothL loithL lothaH
Vocative lothL loithL lothaH
Accusative loithN loithL lothaH
Genitive loitheH lothL lothN
Dative loithL lothaib lothaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
loth
also lloth after a proclitic
loth
pronounced with /l(ʲ)-/
unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *luto-, *lutno-, from Proto-Indo-European *polH- (animal young), ultimately from *peh₂w- (smallness), see also Ancient Greek πῶλος (pôlos), English foal, Albanian pelë (mare), Old Armenian ուլ (ul, kid, fawn)).

NounEdit

loth f (genitive singular lotha, plural lothan)

  1. foal
  2. filly

ReferencesEdit