Czech

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old Czech lucerna, from Latin lucerna.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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lucerna f

  1. lantern
    Synonym: svítilna

Declension

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Further reading

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  • lucerna in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • lucerna in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • lucerna in Internetová jazyková příručka

Galician

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Etymology

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From Latin lucerna (lamp).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): (standard) /luˈθɛɾna/ [luˈθɛɾ.nɐ]
  • IPA(key): (seseo) /luˈsɛɾna/ [luˈsɛɾ.nɐ]

  • Rhymes: -ɛɾna
  • Hyphenation: lu‧cer‧na

Noun

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lucerna f (plural lucernas)

  1. firefly; glowworm
    Synonyms: vagalume, lucecú, lurcucú, verme canteiro, lucerga
  2. grey gurnard (Eutrigla gurnardus) ray-finned fish from the family Triglidae

References

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  • lucerna” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.

Hungarian

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 lucerna on Hungarian Wikipedia

Etymology

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Borrowed from German Luzerne, from Latin lucerna (an oil lamp), from lux (light).[1][2]

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈlut͡sɛrnɒ]
  • Hyphenation: lu‧cer‧na
  • Rhymes: -nɒ

Noun

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lucerna (plural lucernák)

  1. alfalfa, lucerne (Medicago sativa)
  2. alfalfa, lucerne (any plant in the genus Medicago)

Declension

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Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative lucerna lucernák
accusative lucernát lucernákat
dative lucernának lucernáknak
instrumental lucernával lucernákkal
causal-final lucernáért lucernákért
translative lucernává lucernákká
terminative lucernáig lucernákig
essive-formal lucernaként lucernákként
essive-modal
inessive lucernában lucernákban
superessive lucernán lucernákon
adessive lucernánál lucernáknál
illative lucernába lucernákba
sublative lucernára lucernákra
allative lucernához lucernákhoz
elative lucernából lucernákból
delative lucernáról lucernákról
ablative lucernától lucernáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
lucernáé lucernáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
lucernáéi lucernákéi
Possessive forms of lucerna
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. lucernám lucernáim
2nd person sing. lucernád lucernáid
3rd person sing. lucernája lucernái
1st person plural lucernánk lucernáink
2nd person plural lucernátok lucernáitok
3rd person plural lucernájuk lucernáik

References

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  1. ^ lucerna in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)
  2. ^ lucerna in Tótfalusi, István. Magyar etimológiai nagyszótár (’Hungarian Comprehensive Dictionary of Etymology’). Budapest: Arcanum Adatbázis, 2001; Arcanum DVD Könyvtár →ISBN

Further reading

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  • lucerna in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Italian

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Etymology

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From Latin lucerna.

Noun

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lucerna f (plural lucerne)

  1. oil lamp
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Latin

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Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la
 
lucerna (an oil lamp)

Etymology

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From lūceō (shine, be a light). The suffix -erna, found also in lanterna, is of disputed origin, though resembles suffixes in Etruscan; compare also Latin -urnus.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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lucerna f (genitive lucernae); first declension

  1. a lamp, an oil lamp
    • 4th-century CE, Jerome of Stridon (St. Jerome), Vulgate, Proverbia 24:20:
      quoniam nōn habent futūrōrum spem malī et lucerna impiōrum extinguētur
      For evil men have no hope of things to come, and the lamp of the wicked shall be put out.
      (trans. Douay-Rheims Bible)

Declension

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First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lucerna lucernae
Genitive lucernae lucernārum
Dative lucernae lucernīs
Accusative lucernam lucernās
Ablative lucernā lucernīs
Vocative lucerna lucernae

Synonyms

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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References

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  • lucerna”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lucerna”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lucerna in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • lucerna in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • lucerna”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lucerna”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Polish

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Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
 
lucerna

Etymology

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Borrowed from German Luzerne. Doublet of lukarna.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /luˈt͡sɛr.na/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛrna
  • Syllabification: lu‧cer‧na
  • Homophone: Lucerna

Noun

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lucerna f

  1. alfalfa, burclover, lucerne, medick (any plant of the genus Medicago)
  2. alfalfa, burclover, lucerne, medick (flower)

Declension

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Derived terms

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adjective
nouns

Further reading

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  • lucerna in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • lucerna in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin lucerna.

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: lu‧cer‧na

Noun

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lucerna f (plural lucernas)

  1. Alternative form of luzerna

Spanish

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin lucerna.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): (Spain) /luˈθeɾna/ [luˈθeɾ.na]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /luˈseɾna/ [luˈseɾ.na]
  • Rhymes: -eɾna
  • Syllabification: lu‧cer‧na

Noun

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lucerna f (plural lucernas)

  1. a type of old Latin oil lamp

Further reading

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