See also: masa, Masa, masă, mása, mäsä, maşa, and māsā




From Proto-Indo-European *mā-, a baby language word for “mother,” “mommy” (whence also māte, q.v.). This word, probably at first a term of endearment, has replaced an earlier descendent of Proto-Indo-European *swésōr (still found in Lithuanian sesuõ, genitive form seser̃s). Cognates include Lithuanian móša (sister-in-law), Old Prussian moazo ([moaso], aunt).[1]


māsa f (4th declension)

  1. sister (a daughter of a couple, in relation to their other children)
    vecākā, jaunākā māsa‎ ― older, younger sister
    brāļi un māsas‎ ― brothers and sisters
    īstā māsa‎ ― true, real sister
    dvīņu māsa‎ ― twin sister
    abas rokas izpletis, viņš piepeši metās māsai ap kaklu‎ ― spreading both arms, he suddenly threw himself on his sister's neck (= hugged her)
  2. sister (a woman who is closely associated with someone)
    vārda māsas‎ ― namesakes (lit. name sisters, i.e., two women who have the same name)
    līgavas māsas‎ ― bridesmaids (lit. bride's sisters)
    es visiem pazemotiem esmu māsa / un visiem grūtsirdīgiem draudzene‎ ― I am the sister of all humiliated (people) / and the friend of all melancholic (people)
  3. nurse (medical assistant who helps a doctor treat patients)
    māsa, medicīnas māsa‎ ― nurse
    operāciju māsa‎ ― operation nurse
    diētas māsa‎ ― diet nurse
    vecākā māsa‎ ― chief (lit. older) nurse
    medicīnas māsu kursi‎ ― nurse training courses
    iegūt medicīnas māsu diplomu‎ ― to get a nurse diploma
  4. sister (nun, female member of a religious order)
    māsa Olga zināja daudz ko tādu, ko nezināja Vaikulis‎ ― sister Olga knew many things that Vaikulis didn't know



Related termsEdit


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “māsa”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7


Alternative formsEdit


māsa m

  1. month
  2. a kind of bean, Phaseolus Indica