Old NorseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *mannz, whence also Old Saxon man, Old English mann, Old High German man, Gothic 𐌼𐌰𐌽𐌽𐌰 (manna). Probably ultimately from a Proto-Indo-European root *man-.

The change *-nnz > -ðr in the nominative singular is regular.

NounEdit

maðr m (genitive manns, plural menn)

  1. human, man
    • verse 47 of the Hávamál
      Maðr er manns gaman.
      Maðr er manns gaman.
      Man is man's comfort.
    • verse 48 of the Hávamál
      Mildir, frœknir menn bazt lifa.
      Mildir, frœknir menn bazt lifa.
      Generous, bold men live best.
    • verse 52 of the Hávamál
      Mikit eitt skala manni gefa.
      Mikit eitt skala manni gefa.
      One should not give a man a single large gift.
    Með mǫnnum.
    Með mǫnnum.
    Among men.
    Matr er mannsins megin.
    Matr er mannsins megin.
    Meat is man's main.

Usage notesEdit

  • Medieval scribes sometimes abbreviated maðr to (m).

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Icelandic: maður
  • Faroese: maður
  • Norn: mann
  • Norwegian: mann
  • Old Swedish: maþer, mander, man
  • Old Danish: man
  • Old Gutnish: maþr
  • Scanian: manð
  • Elfdalian: mann
  • Westrobothnian: mænn