- (informal) The area under the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China, excluding Hong Kong and Macau.
- 1978, Richard Nixon, RN: the Memoirs of Richard Nixon, Grosset & Dunlap, →ISBN, LCCN 77-87793, OCLC 760525066, page 282:
- Many Americans were primarily Europeanists in their approach to foreign affairs, dismissing Asia as relatively unimportant. But the United States is a Pacific power, and rapid changes were taking place in Asia—where more than half the human race lived—that might well determine the world's future. Japan would soon be the world's third-ranking industrial power, behind the United States and the Soviet Union. Some of the most rapid rates of economic progress anywhere were being achieved by the nations of non-Communist Asia. And mainland China potentially posed the greatest threat to peace during the final third of the twentieth century.
- 1983 December 18, “Butterfield Tells Suffering On Mainland”, in Free China Weekly, volume XXIV, number 50, Taipei, ISSN 0016-0318, OCLC 1786626, page 1:
- Chinese Communist rule on mainland China during the past three decades has destroyed the vitality, spirit and cultural heritage of the Chinese people, said Fox Butterfield, during an address at Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall Dec. 11.
- 2004, Phil Macdonald, National Geographic Traveler: Taiwan, National Geographic Society, →ISBN, OCLC 54962554, page 122:
- At Cihhu (Cihu), near the town of Dasi (Daxi), 30 miles (50 km) southwest of Taipei on Provincial Highway 7, Chiang Kai-shek lies entombed above ground in a granite and marble coffin in one of his former country villas. The gravesite is "temporary," as before his death Chiang had requested his body be returned to his native province of Zhejiang in mainland China.
- Also used other than figuratively or idiomatically: see mainland, China.
area under the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China, excluding Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan