EnglishEdit

 
The Taiwanese flag

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From earlier Tayuan, Tayoan, or other variants, from Siraya tau (people) + an (place). Recorded in Dutch as Tayouan (and other variants), and in Min Nan as 大員 (Tāi-oân) (and other variants).[1] The term initially referred to a sandy peninsula in the area of modern-day Anping District, Tainan, and eventually became the name of the entire island. See also 臺灣台灣台湾 (Táiwān).

PronunciationEdit

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˌtaɪˈwɑn/
  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˌtaɪˈwɑːn/, /ˌtaɪˈwæn/, /ˌtaɪˈwɒn/
  • (file)

Proper nounEdit

Taiwan

  1. Common name for a country in East Asia. Official name: Republic of China. Its de facto capital is Taipei.
    Synonyms: Chinese Taipei, Republic of China, ROC
    • 1961, Asian Journey (VP Johnson's Six-Nation Tour, May, 1961) MP641[2], United States Information Service, Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum, 10:47 from the start:
      During his stay on Taiwan, Mr. Johnson talks with and to many people- to boys and girls, to workers and farmers- one man: but he expresses America's interest in them, and their future.
    • 1968, Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships[3], volume 3, Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, page 290:
      Helena's 1958 cruise in the Far East began 3 August. Her first port of call was Keelung, Taiwan, arriving 21 August. Next day students and faculty of the Taiwan National Defense College were received on board for a tour of the ship.
    • 2015 July 21, Bill Clinton, Clinton arrives in Taiwan, plus speech[4], Associated Press, 0:50 from the start:
      I noted that there have been some direct air flights recently so I see continuing negative tensions over political differences and positive economic and personal contacts. I had reminded everyone that I wanted a peaceful resolution to the differences between China and Taiwan agreed to by people on both sides of the Strait....One thing I am sure of - and the progress of Taiwan since I first came here so long ago proves it - the more people have positive things to do, the more they have something good to look forward to when they get up in the morning, the less likely they are to fall into destructive patterns and the more likely they are to lead their communities and their nations, and the world to a better place.
    • 2019, “President Tsai meets US Senator Ted Cruz”, in Office of the President Republic of China (Taiwan)[5]:
      The senator then remarked that all eyes in the world are focused on Hong Kong, and on the brutal repression that is being visited upon the people of Hong Kong. The stakes being fought for are democracy and freedom, he said, and that is what Taiwan rightfully symbolizes to the world. He firmly reiterated that the American people are proud to be friends of Taiwan, and proud to stand with Taiwan.
    • 2020, Kuang-shun Yang, “Would Bernie Sanders Defend Taiwan?”, in The Diplomat[6]:
      One moment that caught many people’s attention came when the host, Anderson Cooper, asked for Sanders’ view, as a potential commander-in-chief, should China take military action against Taiwan. Sanders responded straightforwardly: “I mean, I think we have got to make it clear to countries around the world that we will not sit by and allow invasions to take place, absolutely.”
  2. An island off the coast of China, also known as Formosa since the 16th century.
    • 1669, An Embassy from the Eaſt-India Company on the United Provinces, to the Grand Tartar Cham Emperor of China[7], pages 20-21:
      So upon the 20. of August Mr. Federick Schzdel a Merchant, ſet ſail in the good Ship called the Brown Fiſh, very richly freighted with all ſorts of Merchandizes from Taiwan to Canton ; and after nine days ſail, landed in the Canton River, at a place called Heytamon.
    Synonym: Formosa
  3. A province of the Republic of China
    • 1979 October 7, “Govt succeeds in efforts to narrow income gap”, in Free China Weekly[8], volume XX, number 39, Taipei, page 1:
      The income gap between the rich and the poor in Taiwan Province was narrowed considerably between 1968 and 1978, Lin Kai-fan, director of the Provincial Department of Budgets, Accounting & Statistics, told members of the Provincial Assembly Sept. 24.
  4. A claimed province of the People's Republic of China
    • 2011 [31 January 1979], Jimmy Carter, White House Diary[9], →ISBN, page 286:
      I had my final meeting with Deng Xiaoping. We signed agreements concerning consular offices, trade, science and technology, cultural exchange, and so forth. After discussing the political problems I had in normalization, Zbig asked him, "Did you have political opposition in China?" Everybody listened very carefully when Deng said, "Yes, I had serious opposition in one province in China—Taiwan."
  5. (historical) Synonym of Tainan

Usage notesEdit

Taiwan and Taiwanese are both widely used as attributives, e.g. Taiwan/Taiwanese culture, the Taiwan/Taiwanese government, Taiwan/Taiwanese food, etc.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mair, V. H., How to Forget Your Mother Tongue and Remember Your National Language[1], 2010

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Taiwan m

  1. Taiwan

CzechEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Proper nounEdit

Taiwan m

  1. Taiwan

Related termsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Chinese 臺灣, from Dutch Tayouan; see the Chinese entry and English Taiwan for more.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Taiwan n

  1. Taiwan

FinnishEdit

 
Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

Proper nounEdit

Taiwan

  1. Taiwan

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of Taiwan (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative Taiwan
genitive Taiwanin
partitive Taiwania
illative Taiwaniin
singular plural
nominative Taiwan
accusative nom. Taiwan
gen. Taiwanin
genitive Taiwanin
partitive Taiwania
inessive Taiwanissa
elative Taiwanista
illative Taiwaniin
adessive Taiwanilla
ablative Taiwanilta
allative Taiwanille
essive Taiwanina
translative Taiwaniksi
instructive
abessive Taiwanitta
comitative
Possessive forms of Taiwan (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person Taiwanini Taiwanimme
2nd person Taiwanisi Taiwaninne
3rd person Taiwaninsa

Derived termsEdit


GermanEdit

 
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia de

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Taiwan n (genitive Taiwans)

  1. Taiwan (an island and partly-recognized country in East Asia)

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Proper nounEdit

Taiwan m

  1. Taiwan

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


MarshalleseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Derived termsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English Taiwan, from earlier Tayuan, Tayoan, or other variants, from Siraya tau (people) + an (place).

PronunciationEdit

  • (phonetic) IPA(key): [tˠɑːiwɑnʲ], (enunciated) [tˠɑ iwɑnʲ]
  • (phonemic) IPA(key): /tˠæɰjiwænʲ/
  • Bender phonemes: {tahyiwan}

Proper nounEdit

Taiwan

  1. Taiwan.

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Proper nounEdit

Taiwan

  1. Taiwan

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Proper nounEdit

Taiwan

  1. Taiwan

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


PortugueseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English Taiwan, from Mandarin 臺灣 (Táiwān).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /taj.ˈwɐ̃/
  • Hyphenation: Tai‧wan

Proper nounEdit

Taiwan f

  1. Taiwan, Republic of China (a country in East Asia)
    Synonyms: Formosa, República da China
  2. Taiwan, Formosa (the main island of the Republic of China)
    Synonym: Formosa

Derived termsEdit