|Tang dynasty (618-907)||mountain; hill|
|simp. and trad.
- Cantonese (Jyutping): tong4 saan1
- Hakka (Pha̍k-fa-sṳ): Thòng-sân
- Min Nan
- Min Nan
From 唐 (táng, “Tang Dynasty”) + 山 (shān, “mountain”). Many overseas Chinese think of the mainland as an unfathomably tall mountain, as a majority of them come from southern China, where it is lower in altitude compared to further into the mainland. They also connected the physical height of the mountains to the Tang Dynasty, when Chinese history was at its peak.
- (overseas, dated) China
- (Taiwan, dated) mainland China
- 唐山過台灣，無半點錢，煞猛打拚耕山耕田。 [Hakka, trad.]
- 唐山过台湾，无半点钱，煞猛打拚耕山耕田。 [Hakka, simp.]
- From: 客家本色
- Thòng-sân ko Thòi-vàn, mò pan tiám chhièn, sat-mâng tá-piang kâng-sân-kâng-thièn. [Pha̍k-fa-sṳ]
- [From] mainland China [they] went over to Taiwan, without any money, diligently cultivating the hill lands and tilling the fields.
- Tang Mountain (now called Dacheng Mountain)
- Tangshan (city in China)
- (Min Nan) “Entry #5827”, in 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan] (in Chinese and Min Nan), Ministry of Education, R.O.C., 2011.