See also: muñía and Munia

English edit

 
A white-rumped munia, Lonchura striata
 
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Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Hindi मुनिया (muniyā).

Noun edit

munia (plural munias)

  1. Any of certain estrildid finches of the genera Lonchura (most instances) and Amandava (two species).
    • 1895, Eugene William Oates, William Thomas Blanford, Birds, volume 3, page 88:
      It is said, however, occasionally though rarely to eat insects, and Layard has related how an individual, kept in captivity, killed and swallowed small birds (Munias), its fellow-captives.
    • 2000, Tara Gandhi, Birds and Plant Regeneration, page 76:
      Munias are smaller than sparrows; they have pointed short tails, and live in flocks, building large communal nests shared by several breeding pairs.
    • 2010, Graham R. S. Ritchie, Simon Kirby, “20: A Possible Role for Selective Masking in the Evolution of Complex, Learned Communication Systems”, in Caroline Lyon, Chrystopher L. Nehaniv, Angelo Cangelosi, editors, Emergence of Communication and Language, page 398:
      Okanoya (2002) argues that the Bengalese finch has a much more 'complex' song than the munia. As mentioned earlier, his measure of complexity is the song linearity. He finds that the average song linearity of the munia is around 0.8 while the Bengalese finch song has a value of around 0.4.

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

Anagrams edit

Finnish edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Finnic *munëidak, derived from *muna; equivalent to muna +‎ -ia. Akin to Ludian munida and Veps munda.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈmuniɑˣ/, [ˈmuniɑ̝(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -uniɑ
  • Syllabification(key): mu‧ni‧a

Verb edit

munia

  1. To lay an egg.
  2. (colloquial) To let somebody wait without any good reason, to loiter or to be sluggish (normally only in irritated questions).
    Mitä te oikein munitte siellä?
    What on earth are you loitering there for?
Conjugation edit
Inflection of munia (Kotus type 61/sallia, no gradation)
indicative mood
present tense perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. munin en muni 1st sing. olen muninut en ole muninut
2nd sing. munit et muni 2nd sing. olet muninut et ole muninut
3rd sing. munii ei muni 3rd sing. on muninut ei ole muninut
1st plur. munimme emme muni 1st plur. olemme munineet emme ole munineet
2nd plur. munitte ette muni 2nd plur. olette munineet ette ole munineet
3rd plur. munivat eivät muni 3rd plur. ovat munineet eivät ole munineet
passive munitaan ei munita passive on munittu ei ole munittu
past tense pluperfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. munin en muninut 1st sing. olin muninut en ollut muninut
2nd sing. munit et muninut 2nd sing. olit muninut et ollut muninut
3rd sing. muni ei muninut 3rd sing. oli muninut ei ollut muninut
1st plur. munimme emme munineet 1st plur. olimme munineet emme olleet munineet
2nd plur. munitte ette munineet 2nd plur. olitte munineet ette olleet munineet
3rd plur. munivat eivät munineet 3rd plur. olivat munineet eivät olleet munineet
passive munittiin ei munittu passive oli munittu ei ollut munittu
conditional mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. munisin en munisi 1st sing. olisin muninut en olisi muninut
2nd sing. munisit et munisi 2nd sing. olisit muninut et olisi muninut
3rd sing. munisi ei munisi 3rd sing. olisi muninut ei olisi muninut
1st plur. munisimme emme munisi 1st plur. olisimme munineet emme olisi munineet
2nd plur. munisitte ette munisi 2nd plur. olisitte munineet ette olisi munineet
3rd plur. munisivat eivät munisi 3rd plur. olisivat munineet eivät olisi munineet
passive munittaisiin ei munittaisi passive olisi munittu ei olisi munittu
imperative mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. 1st sing.
2nd sing. muni älä muni 2nd sing.
3rd sing. munikoon älköön muniko 3rd sing. olkoon muninut älköön olko muninut
1st plur. munikaamme älkäämme muniko 1st plur.
2nd plur. munikaa älkää muniko 2nd plur.
3rd plur. munikoot älkööt muniko 3rd plur. olkoot munineet älkööt olko munineet
passive munittakoon älköön munittako passive olkoon munittu älköön olko munittu
potential mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. muninen en munine 1st sing. lienen muninut en liene muninut
2nd sing. muninet et munine 2nd sing. lienet muninut et liene muninut
3rd sing. muninee ei munine 3rd sing. lienee muninut ei liene muninut
1st plur. muninemme emme munine 1st plur. lienemme munineet emme liene munineet
2nd plur. muninette ette munine 2nd plur. lienette munineet ette liene munineet
3rd plur. muninevat eivät munine 3rd plur. lienevät munineet eivät liene munineet
passive munittaneen ei munittane passive lienee munittu ei liene munittu
Nominal forms
infinitives participles
active passive active passive
1st munia present muniva munittava
long 1st1
Possessive forms
Person sing. plur.
1st muniakseni muniaksemme
2nd muniaksesi muniaksenne
3rd muniakseen
muniaksensa
past muninut munittu
2nd inessive2 muniessa munittaessa agent3 munima
Possessive forms
Person sing. plur.
1st muniessani muniessamme
2nd muniessasi muniessanne
3rd muniessaan
muniessansa
negative munimaton
instructive munien 1) Used only with a possessive suffix.

2) Usually with a possessive suffix (active only).
3) Usually with a possessive suffix. Not used with intransitive verbs. Distinct from nouns with the -ma suffix and third infinitive forms.
4) Some uses of the verbal noun are called the 'fourth infinitive' by certain sources (more details).

3rd inessive munimassa
elative munimasta
illative munimaan
adessive munimalla
abessive munimatta
instructive muniman munittaman
4th4 verbal noun muniminen
5th1
Possessive forms
Person sing. plur.
1st munimaisillani munimaisillamme
2nd munimaisillasi munimaisillanne
3rd munimaisillaan
munimaisillansa

Further reading edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈmuniɑ/, [ˈmuniɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -uniɑ
  • Syllabification(key): mu‧ni‧a

Noun edit

munia

  1. partitive plural of muna

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *moinis, from Proto-Indo-European *moy-nós, from *mey- (to change, swap). mūnus (service) is from the same source.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

mūnia n pl (variously declined, genitive mūnium or mūniōrum); third declension, second declension

  1. (plural only) duties, functions

Declension edit

In Classical Latin, only the nominative and accusative are attested.

Third-declension noun (neuter, “pure” i-stem) or second-declension noun (neuter), plural only.

Case Plural
Nominative mūnia
Genitive mūnium
mūniōrum
Dative mūnibus
mūniīs
Accusative mūnia
Ablative mūnibus
mūniīs
Vocative mūnia

References edit

  • munia”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • munia”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • munia in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette

Portuguese edit

Verb edit

munia

  1. first/third-person singular imperfect indicative of munir