From Middle English duete, from Middle English dewe) + Middle English -te, (borrowed from Old French -te from Latin -tātem, accusative masculine singular of -tās). Akin to due + -ty (Alternative form of ).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈdjuːti/
- (General American) IPA(key): /duːti/
Audio (US) (file) Audio (UK) (file)
- Rhymes: -uːti
- Homophone: doody (for some speakers)
- That which one is morally or legally obligated to do.
- We don't have a duty to keep you here.
- 1805, 21 October, Horatio Nelson
- England expects that every man will do his duty.
- 1910, Emerson Hough, chapter I, in The Purchase Price: Or The Cause of Compromise, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, OCLC 639762314:
- Captain Edward Carlisle […] felt a curious sensation of helplessness seize upon him as he met her steady gaze, […]; he could not tell what this prisoner might do. He cursed the fate which had assigned such a duty, cursed especially that fate which forced a gallant soldier to meet so superb a woman as this under handicap so hard.
- 2013 August 10, Lexington, “Keeping the mighty honest”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8848:
- British journalists shun complete respectability, feeling a duty to be ready to savage the mighty, or rummage through their bins. Elsewhere in Europe, government contracts and subsidies ensure that press barons will only defy the mighty so far.
- The state of being at work and responsible for or doing a particular task.
- I’m on duty from 6 pm to 6 am.
- A tax placed on imports or exports; a tariff.
- (obsolete) One's due, something one is owed; a debt or fee.
- (obsolete) Respect; reverence; regard; act of respect; homage.
- The efficiency of an engine, especially a steam pumping engine, as measured by work done by a certain quantity of fuel; usually, the number of pounds of water lifted one foot by one bushel of coal (94 lbs. old standard), or by 1 cwt. (112 lbs., England, or 100 lbs., United States).
- Adjectives often used with "duty": public, private, moral, legal, social, double, civic, contractual, political, judicial, etc.
- (that which one is obligated to do): obligation
- active duty
- civic duty
- customs duty
- death duty
- Delivered Duty Paid
- Delivered Duty Unpaid
- dutiful (adjective)
- duty calls
- duty cycle
- duty of care
- estate duty
- excise duty
- export duty
- fatigue duty
- fiduciary duty
- filial duty
- import duty
- jury duty
- legal duty
- line of duty
- neglect duty
- off duty
- on duty
- point duty
- sea duty/sea-duty
- shore duty
- stamp duty
- succession duty
- tonnage duty
- tour of duty
that which one is morally or legally obligated to do
period of time
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
- duty in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- duty in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
- duty at OneLook Dictionary Search
Declension of duty
|Masculine singular||Feminine singular||Neuter singular||Dual||Plural|
dutych (optional animate form)