See also: Oliva, olíva, olivă, and olīva

English

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin oliva (olive). Doublet of olive.

Noun

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oliva

  1. (anatomy) olivary body
    • 1998, R. Nieuwenhuys, Hendrik Jan Donkelaar, Charles Nicholson, The Central Nervous System of Vertebrates: With Posters, page 1562:
      The medial part of the ventral lamina forms the most rostral pole of the oliva, the dorsal lamina the most caudal one.

Anagrams

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Catalan

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Catalan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ca

Etymology

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Inherited from Latin olīva.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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oliva f (plural olives)

  1. olive (fruit)

Derived terms

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References

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Czech

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Etymology

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Borrowed from German Olive, from Latin olīva, from Ancient Greek ἐλαία (elaía).[1]

Pronunciation

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Noun

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oliva f (related adjective olivový)

  1. olive (fruit)

Declension

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Derived terms

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References

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  1. ^ Jiří Rejzek (2007) “oliva”, in Český etymologický slovník (in Czech), Leda

Further reading

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  • oliva in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • oliva in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Galician

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Old Galician-Portuguese oliva, from Latin olīva. The preservation of intervocalic /l/ is irregular, so it was perhaps borrowed from Mozarabic. Modern pronunciation is adapted from Spanish, since olive and olive oil is not produced in most of Galicia.

Pronunciation

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  • (Traditional) IPA(key): [oˈli.βɐ]
  • (Modern) IPA(key): [ɔˈli.βɐ]
  • Audio:(file)

Noun

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oliva f (plural olivas)

  1. olive (fruit)
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References

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  • Ernesto González Seoane, María Álvarez de la Granja, Ana Isabel Boullón Agrelo (20062022) “oliva”, in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • Xavier Varela Barreiro, Xavier Gómez Guinovart (20062018) “oliva”, in Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • Xavier Varela Barreiro, Xavier Gómez Guinovart (20062018) “ouliu”, in Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • oliva” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • oliva” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • oliva” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Interlingua

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Noun

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oliva (plural olivas)

  1. olive

Italian

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Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it
 
Olive (olives)

Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Latin olīva, from Etruscan 𐌄𐌋𐌄𐌉𐌅𐌀 (eleiva) or from Pre-Classical Ancient Greek *ἐλαίϝα (*elaíwa) (compare Mycenaean Greek 𐀁𐀨𐀷 (e-ra-wa), Ancient Greek ἐλαία (elaía)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁loywom.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /oˈli.va/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -iva
  • Hyphenation: o‧lì‧va

Noun

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oliva f (plural olive)

  1. olive (fruit)

Noun

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oliva m (invariable)

  1. olive (color)

Adjective

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oliva (invariable)

  1. olive (color)
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Anagrams

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Latin

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olivae (olives)
 
oliva (olive tree)

Etymology

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From Etruscan *𐌄𐌋𐌄𐌉𐌅𐌀 (*eleiva) (whence 𐌄𐌋𐌄𐌉𐌅𐌀𐌍𐌀 (eleivana, of oil)) or from Pre-Classical Ancient Greek *ἐλαίϝα (*elaíwa) (compare Mycenaean Greek 𐀁𐀨𐀷 (e-ra-wa), Ancient Greek ἐλαία (elaía)), most likely from Pre-Greek (according to Beekes) or, much more questionably, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁loywom (compare Old Church Slavonic лои (loi, tallow), Old Armenian եւղ (ewł, oil)).(Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation

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Noun

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olīva f (genitive olīvae); first declension

  1. an olive (fruit)
  2. an olive tree
  3. (poetic) an olive branch

Declension

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First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative olīva olīvae
Genitive olīvae olīvārum
Dative olīvae olīvīs
Accusative olīvam olīvās
Ablative olīvā olīvīs
Vocative olīva olīvae

Synonyms

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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References

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  • oliva”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • oliva”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • oliva”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) “ἐλαία”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 401

Anagrams

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Middle English

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Noun

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oliva

  1. Alternative form of olyve

Portuguese

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Etymology

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Learned borrowing from Latin olīva.[1][2]

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: o‧li‧va

Noun

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oliva f (plural olivas)

  1. olive tree
    Synonym: oliveira
  2. olive (fruit)
    Synonym: azeitona

Derived terms

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References

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Romansch

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Latin olīva (olive).

Noun

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oliva f (plural olivas)

  1. (Sutsilvan, Puter, Vallader) olive (fruit)

Slovak

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Etymology

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Via German Olive, from Latin olīva, from Ancient Greek ἐλαία (elaía).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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oliva f (genitive singular olivy, nominative plural olivy, genitive plural olív, declension pattern of žena)

  1. olive (fruit)

Declension

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Derived terms

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Further reading

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  • oliva”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Spanish

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Etymology

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Inherited from Latin olīva.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /oˈliba/ [oˈli.β̞a]
  • Audio (Spain):(file)
  • Rhymes: -iba
  • Syllabification: o‧li‧va

Noun

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oliva f (plural olivas)

  1. olive (fruit)
    Synonym: aceituna
  2. olive tree
    Synonym: olivo
  3. owl
    Synonym: lechuza

Derived terms

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Further reading

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