orchestra

See also: orchestră

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin orchēstra, itself a borrowing from Ancient Greek ὀρχήστρα (orkhḗstra) (a derivative of ὀρχέομαι (orkhéomai, to dance)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

 
Orchestra of the 18th Century

orchestra (plural orchestras or (rare) orchestrae)

  1. (music) A large group of musicians who play together on various instruments, usually including some from strings, woodwind, brass and/or percussion; the instruments played by such a group.
  2. A semicircular space in front of the stage used by the chorus in Ancient Greek and Hellenistic theatres.
  3. The area in a theatre or concert hall where the musicians sit, immediately in front of and below the stage, sometimes (also) used by other performers.

Usage notesEdit

  • In British English, "The orchestra are tuning up" is often used, implying the individual members. In the US, one would almost always hear "The orchestra is tuning up", implying a collective.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

orchestra

  1. third-person singular past historic of orchestrer

AnagramsEdit


ItalianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Ancient Greek ὀρχήστρα (orkhḗstra).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

orchestra f (plural orchestre)

  1. orchestra
  2. band
  3. orchestra pit

DescendantsEdit

  • Turkish: orkestra
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

orchestra

  1. inflection of orchestrare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further readingEdit

  • orchestra in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek ὀρχήστρα (orkhḗstra).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

orchēstra f (genitive orchēstrae); first declension

  1. orchestra (area in front of a stage)

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun, with locative.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative orchēstra orchēstrae
Genitive orchēstrae orchēstrārum
Dative orchēstrae orchēstrīs
Accusative orchēstram orchēstrās
Ablative orchēstrā orchēstrīs
Vocative orchēstra orchēstrae
Locative orchēstrae orchēstrīs

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • orchestra in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • orchestra in Charlton T. Lewis, An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1891
  • orchestra in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934
  • orchestra in The Perseus Project, Perseus Encyclopedia[1], 1999
  • orchestra in Harry Thurston Peck, editor, Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1898
  • orchestra in William Smith et al., editor, A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin, 1890

PiedmonteseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

orchestra f (plural orchestre)

  1. orchestra

RomanianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From French orchestrer.

VerbEdit

a orchestra (third-person singular present orchestrează, past participle orchestrat1st conj.

  1. to orchestrate
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

orchestra f

  1. definite nominative/accusative singular of orchestră