penitent

See also: pénitent

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English, from Old French, from Latin paenitēns, poenitēns (penitent), present participle of paeniteō, poeniteō (I cause to repent; I regret, repent).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɛnɪtənt/
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

penitent (comparative more penitent, superlative most penitent)

  1. Feeling pain or sorrow on account of one's sins or offenses; feeling sincere guilt.
    Synonyms: repentant, contrite; see also Thesaurus:remorseful
    • 1671, John Milton, Paradise Regained
      Be penitent, and for thy fault contrite.
    • 1838, Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy, B. Blake, p.730,
      If thou be penitent and grieved, or desirous to be so, these heinous sins shall not be laid to thy charge.
  2. Doing penance.

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

penitent (plural penitents)

  1. One who repents of sin; one sorrowful on account of his or her transgressions.
  2. One under church censure, but admitted to penance; one undergoing penance.
    Hyponym: consistent
    • 1837, William Russell, The History of Modern Europe: with an Account of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Longman, Rees, & Co., page 20,
      Wamba, who defeated the Saracens in an attempt upon Spain, was deprived of the crown, because he had been clothed in the habit of a penitent, while labouring under the influence of poison, administered by the ambitious Erviga!
  3. One under the direction of a confessor.

TranslationsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French pénitent, from Latin poenitens.

AdjectiveEdit

penitent m or n (feminine singular penitentă, masculine plural penitenți, feminine and neuter plural penitente)

  1. penitent

DeclensionEdit