Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Old French repentir, from Vulgar Latin *repoenitere, from re- + a late derivative of poenitere (be penitent), alteration of Latin paenitere.


  • IPA(key): /ɹɪˈpɛnt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt


repent (third-person singular simple present repents, present participle repenting, simple past and past participle repented)

  1. (intransitive) To feel pain, sorrow, or regret for what one has done or omitted to do; the cause for repenting may be indicated with "of".
  2. (theology, intransitive) To be sorry for sin as morally evil, and to seek forgiveness; to cease to practice sin and to love.
    "... Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, {15} And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel." (Mark 1:14-15)
    "Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. {39} For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call. {40} And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation." (Acts 2:38-40)
    If you're a true Muslim, you should repent to Allah.
  3. (transitive) To feel pain on account of; to remember with sorrow.
  4. (transitive) To be sorry for, to regret.
    "Then said he unto the disciples, It is impossible but that offences will come: but woe unto him, through whom they come!  {2} It were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and he cast into the sea, than that he should offend one of these little ones.  {3} ¶ Take heed to yourselves: If thy brother trespass against thee, rebuke him; and if he repent, forgive him. {4} And if he trespass against thee seven times in a day, and seven times in a day turn again to thee, saying, I repent; thou shalt forgive him." (Luke 17:1-4)
    I repent my sins.
  5. (archaic, transitive) To cause to have sorrow or regret.
  6. (obsolete, reflexive) To cause (oneself) to feel pain or regret.
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin rēpō (I creep).



  1. (chiefly botany) Creeping along the ground.





  1. third-person singular present indicative of repentir




  1. third-person plural future active indicative of rēpō