French

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Etymology

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Inherited from Middle French plaire, from Old French plaire, from plaisir, from Latin placēre. The original infinitive now became a noun, and the infinitive ending was changed to -aire by analogy with the future and conditional forms in plair-. The future stem came from Latin pluperfect stem placuer- (placueram, placuerās, ...); some other verbs also use the pluperfect stem for their future stems (but not in the case of pluperfect forms containing -s- or -x-), for example tenir, tiendrai (if using the infinitive form, it results on expected *tenirai < tenī́re hábeō), see also Appendix:French verbs#Origins.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /plɛʁ/
  • Audio:(file)

Verb

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plaire

  1. (intransitive, with indirect object) to please, to appeal to (usually translated into English as like with exchange of subject and object)
    Cet homme me plaîtI like/fancy that man. (literally, “That man appeals to me.”)
    Cette robe me plaît.I like this dress.
  2. (reflexive) to enjoy (oneself)
    Je me suis plu à Paris.I liked it in Paris.

Conjugation

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plaire and its derived verbs conjugate like taire, except that the third person singular of the present indicative may take a circumflex on the 'i'.

plaire and its derived verbs conjugate like taire, except that the third person singular of the present indicative may take a circumflex on the 'i'.

Derived terms

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Further reading

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Anagrams

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Middle French

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Etymology

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From Old French plaire.

Verb

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plaire

  1. to please

Descendants

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  • French: plaire

Occitan

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Etymology

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From a variant of Old Occitan plazer (probably reformed by analogy from conjugated forms; compare French plaire vs. plaisir, and Catalan plaure vs. plaer), from Latin placeō, placēre (to please).

Pronunciation

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Verb

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plaire (Languedoc)

  1. to please
    Synonym: agradar

Dialectal variants

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Antonyms

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Further reading

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Old French

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Verb

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plaire

  1. alternative infinitive of plaisir.

Conjugation

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This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. This verb ends in a palatal stem, so there is an extra i before the e of some endings. This verb has irregularities in its conjugation. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.