Polish

edit
 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology

edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *porędъkъ.[1][2][3] By surface analysis, porządzić +‎ -ek. First attested in the 16th century[4].

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /pɔˈʐɔn.dɛk/
  • (Middle Polish) IPA(key): /pɔˈʐɔ̃.dɛk/, /pɔˈr̝ɔ̃.dɛk/
  • Audio 1:(file)
  • Audio 2:(file)
  • Rhymes: -ɔndɛk
  • Syllabification: po‧rzą‧dek

Noun

edit

porządek m inan (diminutive porządeczek, related adjective porządkowy)

  1. (uncountable) order (state of being well arranged)
    Synonyms: glancuś, ład
    Antonyms: see Thesaurus:nieporządek
  2. (uncountable) order (sequence in which some set appears)
    Synonym: kolejność
  3. (uncountable) order (conformity with law or decorum; freedom from disturbance; general tranquility; public quiet)
    Synonym: ład
  4. (countable) order (set of rules between between people within a society)
    Synonyms: ład, ustrój
  5. (countable, art) order (system of construction, composition and decoration of buildings established in antiquity, associated with maintaining specific proportions)
  6. (countable) horses selected to take the first two places in a race
  7. (uncountable) order (relationship between people and their values or between specific phenomena)
  8. (uncountable, obsolete, historical) representatives of the city's citizens in the city government
  9. (countable, obsolete) rule; custom (something by which people abide)
  10. (in the plural) act of tidying

Declension

edit

Derived terms

edit
adverbs
nouns
verbs
verbs

Trivia

edit

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), porządek is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 9 times in scientific texts, 10 times in news, 35 times in essays, 19 times in fiction, and 23 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 96 times, making it the 656th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[5]

References

edit
  1. ^ Boryś, Wiesław (2005) “porządek”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego (in Polish), Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie, →ISBN
  2. ^ Mańczak, Witold (2017) “porządek”, in Polski słownik etymologiczny (in Polish), Kraków: Polska Akademia Umiejętności, →ISBN
  3. ^ Bańkowski, Andrzej (2000) “porządek”, in Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish)
  4. ^ Maria Renata Mayenowa, Stanisław Rospond, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Hrabec, Władysław Kuraszkiewicz (2010-2023) “porządek”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish]
  5. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990) “porządek”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language]‎[1] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków, Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 409

Further reading

edit