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See also: ek, ek-, ék, -ék, Ek, EK, and ÉK

Contents

BretonEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ek

  1. Adjectival suffix
    douar (earth) + ‎-ek → ‎douarek (earthy, earthly)
    dour (water) + ‎-ek → ‎dourek (watery, humid)
    houarn (iron) + ‎-ek → ‎houarnek (ferrous)

Derived termsEdit


Related termsEdit


CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *-ъkъ.

SuffixEdit

-ek m

  1. forms masculine diminutive nouns
    stůl + ‎-ek → ‎stolek

DeclensionEdit

inanimate declension:

animate declension:

Derived termsEdit


Further readingEdit


HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

-e- (linking vowel) +‎ -k (plural suffix)

SuffixEdit

-ek

  1. (plural suffix) -s, -es
    kert (garden)kertek (gardens)
Usage notesEdit
  • (plural suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -k is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    (woman) →‎ k (women)
    fa (tree) →‎ k (trees)
    csésze (cup) →‎ csészék (cups)
    -ak is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant:
    ház (house) →‎ házak (houses)
    -ok is added to most back-vowel words ending in a consonant:
    pad (bench) →‎ padok (benches)
    -ek is added to unrounded front-vowel words (and some rounded front-vowel words) ending in a consonant:
    kert (garden) →‎ kertek (gardens)
    könyv (book) →‎ könyvek (books)
    -ök is added to rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant:
    kör (circle) →‎ körök (circles)
  • Note that the plural form is not used after definite and indefinite numerals in Hungarian (e.g. három könyv - three books, néhány óra múlva - in a few hours), only if there is no numeral before the phrase. There are very few (traditional) exceptions, including háromkirályok, mindenszentek as well as összes művei, költeményei (compare plural -i after a possessive suffix).

Etymology 2Edit

-e- (linking vowel) +‎ -k (personal suffix)

SuffixEdit

-ek

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the first-person singular present tense of verbs (indicative mood, indefinite conjugation).
    kér (to ask)kérek (I ask, I am asking)
Usage notesEdit
  • (personal suffix) Variants:
    -ok is added to back vowel verbs
    -ek is added to unrounded front vowel verbs
    -ök is added to rounded front vowel verbs
    -om is added to back vowel -ik verbs
    -em is added to unrounded front vowel -ik verbs
    -öm is added to rounded front vowel -ik verbs

See alsoEdit


KurdishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with yek (one)

ArticleEdit

-ek

  1. a, an (indefinite article)

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *-ъkъ.

SuffixEdit

-ek m

  1. masculine diminutive noun suffix

DeclensionEdit

Masculine personal:

Masculine animate:

Masculine inanimate:

Derived termsEdit



Serbo-CroatianEdit

SuffixEdit

-ek (Cyrillic spelling -ек)

  1. Suffix appended to the present stem of verbs or nouns to form an adjective denoting a feature or a dimension.

See alsoEdit

SuffixEdit

-ek (Cyrillic spelling -ек)

  1. (Kajkavian) Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a performer, feature, human relation, result of an action, object, diminutive or a proper name.

Yup'ikEdit

SuffixEdit

-ek

  1. ablative-modalis case ending

Usage notesEdit

A historical merger of ablative and modalis (instrumental). It performs a wide range of adverbial and syntactic functions.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Miyaoka, Osahito (2012) A Grammar of Central Alaskan Yupik (CAY) (in English), Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter GmbH, →ISBN, page 750