From Anglo-Norman principalté, Middle French principalté, from Late Latin principalitas, from Latin principālis ‎(principal) + -tas.



principality ‎(plural principalities)

  1. (obsolete) The state of being a prince or ruler; sovereignty, absolute authority. [14th-19th c.]
  2. (now rare) The state of being principal; pre-eminence. [from 14th c.]
  3. A region or sovereign nation headed by a prince or princess. [from 14th c.]
    • 1990, Peter Hopkirk, The Great Game, Folio Society 2010, p. 14:
      At this time Russia consisted of a dozen or so principalities, which were frequently at war with one another.
  4. (theology) A spiritual being, specifically in Christian angelology, the fifth level of angels, ranked above powers and below dominions. [from 16th c.]


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