See also: Angel, ángel, Ángel, àngel, Àngel, and ängel

EnglishEdit

 
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Two Baroque angels from southern Germany, from the mid-18th century

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: ānʹjəl, IPA(key): /ˈeɪn.dʒəl/
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Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English angel, aungel, ængel, engel, from Anglo-Norman angele, angle and Old English ænġel, enġel, enċġel (angel, messenger), from Proto-West Germanic *angil, borrowed from Latin angelus, itself from Ancient Greek ἄγγελος (ángelos, messenger). The religious sense of the Greek word first appeared in the Septuagint as a translation of the Hebrew word מַלְאָךְ(malʾāḵ, messenger) or יהוה מַלְאָךְ (malʾāḵ YHWH, messenger of YHWH).

Use of the term in some churches to refer to a church official derives from interpreting the "angels" of the Seven churches of Asia in Revelation as being bishops or ministers rather than angelic beings.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

angel (plural angels)

  1. An incorporeal and sometimes divine messenger from a deity, or other divine entity, often depicted in art as a youthful winged figure in flowing robes.
  2. (Abrahamic tradition) One of the lowest order of such beings, below virtues.
  3. A person having the qualities attributed to angels, such as purity or selflessness.
    Thanks for making me breakfast in bed, you little angel.
  4. (obsolete) Attendant spirit; genius; demon.
  5. (possibly obsolete) An official (a bishop, or sometimes a minister) who heads a Christian church, especially a Catholic Apostolic church.
    • 1817, Thomas Stackhouse, A history of the holy Bible, corrected and improved by G. Gleig, page 504
      An apostle, or angel, or bishop, as he is now called, resided with a college of presbyters about him, in every considerable city of the Roman empire; to that angel or bishop, was committed the pastoral care of all the Christian in the city and its suburbs, exending as far on all sides as the jurisdiction of the civil magistrate extended;
    • 1832, Edward Irving, speech before the Presbytery of London, quoted in 1862, Margaret Oliphant, The Life of Edward Irving, Minister of the National Scotch Church, London: Illustrated by His Journals and Correspondence, page 429
      [] the head of that Church, in whose place I stand in my Church, and in whose place no other standeth (the elders and deacons have their place, but this belongeth to the angel or minister of the Church), and the Lord commendeth him for trying []
    • 1878, Edward Miller, The History and Doctrines of Irvingism Or of the So-called Catholic and Apostolic Church, § 9 Pastors, page 50 (discussing the structure of the early Christian church and of the Catholic Apostolic Church):
      The second or highest grade consists of the Angels or Bishops of Churches. Each Church has its Angel, who has (1) the higher supervision and care of all the flock, (2) the supervision and care of the Priests under him, and (3) the care of the Church itself.
  6. (historical) An English gold coin, bearing the figure of the archangel Michael, circulated between the 15th and 17th centuries, and varying in value from six shillings and eightpence to ten shillings.
    Synonym: angel-noble
  7. (military slang, originally Royal Air Force) An altitude, measured in thousands of feet.
    Climb to angels sixty. (“ascend to 60,000 feet”)
  8. (colloquial, dated) An unidentified flying object detected by air traffic control radar.
  9. An affluent individual who provides capital for a startup, usually in exchange for convertible debt or ownership equity; an angel investor.
    • 2011, OECD, Financing High-Growth Firms: The Role of Angel Investors:
      “Latent” angels are defined as those who have not invested capital in the past 12 months, although they likely have invested knowledge in the process of reviewing potential investments.
  10. (theater) The person who funds a show.
    Synonym: backer
SynonymsEdit
HyponymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Jamaican Creole: aynjel
  • Chinese: 安琪兒 (ānqí'ér)
  • Hawaiian: ʻānela
  • Lingala: anjelu, anzelu
  • Malagasy: anjely
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

angel (third-person singular simple present angels, present participle angeling or angelling, simple past and past participle angeled or angelled)

  1. (transitive, theater, slang) To support by donating money.
    • 1944, Maurice Zolotow, Never Whistle in a Dressing Room; Or, Breakfast in Bedlam (page 59)
      Six years ago, he lost $20,000 in the first show he angelled, a turkey called Dance Night.
    • 1984, “American Magazine”, in (Please provide the book title or journal name)[1], volume 118, page 88:
      You've got to come to Chicago to meet Duell, and see Wilson, who's going to angel the show.

Etymology 2Edit

Clipping of Angelman

NounEdit

angel (plural angels)

  1. (informal) A person who has Angelman syndrome.

AnagramsEdit


ChibchaEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Old Spanish angel.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

angel

  1. angel

ReferencesEdit

  • Gómez Aldana D. F., Análisis morfológico del Vocabulario 158 de la Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia. Grupo de Investigación Muysccubun. 2013.

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch angel, from Old Dutch *angul, from Proto-Germanic *angulaz.

Cognate with German Angel.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

angel m (plural angels, diminutive angeltje n)

  1. sting, dart (insect's organ)
  2. hook, fish-hook, angle
  3. tang (extension of a tool or weapon's head that is inserted in a handle)
  4. (rare, obsolete) a snake's tongue

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

VerbEdit

angel

  1. singular imperative of angeln

IndonesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Javanese ꦲꦔꦺꦭ꧀ (angél).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈaŋɛl]
  • Hyphenation: angèl

AdjectiveEdit

angèl

  1. (colloquial) difficult.
    Synonyms: sukar, sulit

Further readingEdit


KaraoEdit

NounEdit

angel

  1. (anatomy) body

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

angel

  1. Alternative form of aungel

Norwegian NynorskEdit

NounEdit

angel m (definite singular angelen, indefinite plural anglar, definite plural anglane)

  1. Alternative form of ongel

Old FrisianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

angel m

  1. angel

InflectionEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin angelus (angel), from Ancient Greek ἄγγελος (ángelos, messenger, angel).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

angel m (plural angeles)

  1. angel
    • c. 1200: Almerich, Fazienda de Ultramar, f. 2v.
      eſtos angeles có q fablo abraá. vinieron a ſodoma e loth ſedia ala puerta dela cibdat. e violos e leuátos cótra elló. e omillos troa la tierra. e dixo les priego uos mios ſénores. Q́ uégades acaſa de uŕo ſieruo albergar.
      These angels to whom Abraham spoke came to Sodom, and Lot was at the city's gate. And he saw them and he got up to greet them and groveled with his face to the ground. And he said, “I beg you, my lords, come spend the night at your servant's house.”
    • Idem, f. 4v.
      […] veno el angel del cŕador de noch ¬ dixo alabá. Gvardate de aquel oḿe nol fagas mal.
      […] And the angel of the Creator came to Laban at night and said unto him, “Beware that man and do him no harm.”

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

NounEdit

angel m (Cyrillic spelling ангел)

  1. (Kajkavian) angel
  2. Obsolete form of anđel.

SloveneEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ángel m anim

  1. angel

InflectionEdit

Masculine anim., hard o-stem
nom. sing. ángel
gen. sing. ángela
singular dual plural
nominative ángel ángela ángeli
accusative ángela ángela ángele
genitive ángela ángelov ángelov
dative ángelu ángeloma ángelom
locative ángelu ángelih ángelih
instrumental ángelom ángeloma ángeli

Further readingEdit

  • angel”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU[2], portal Fran

WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Welsh angel, from Ecclesiastical Latin or Vulgar Latin from Latin angelus, from Ancient Greek ἄγγελος m (ángelos, messenger; one that announces).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

angel m (plural angylion or engyl)

  1. (religion) angel

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
angel unchanged unchanged hangel
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

angel”, in R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies, 1950–present


West FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian *angel, from Proto-Germanic *angulaz, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂enk-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

angel c (plural angels, diminutive angeltsje)

  1. sting, stinger (insect's organ)
  2. fishing rod

Further readingEdit

  • “angel (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal[3] (in Dutch), 2011