See also: rüber

LatinEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *ruðros, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rudʰrós (red), from the root *h₁rewdʰ-.

Cognates include Old Armenian արուրդ/երուրդ (arurd/erurd) or արոյդ/երոյդ (aroyd/eroyd), Ancient Greek ἐρυθρός (eruthrós), Sanskrit रुधिर (rudhirá), Old East Slavic ръдръ (rŭdrŭ) (< Proto-Slavic *rъdrъ). Compare dialectal form rūfus (reddish, ruddy).


PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ruber (feminine rubra, neuter rubrum); first/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er)

  1. red (colour); ruddy

DeclensionEdit

First/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er).

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative ruber rubra rubrum rubrī rubrae rubra
Genitive rubrī rubrae rubrī rubrōrum rubrārum rubrōrum
Dative rubrō rubrō rubrīs
Accusative rubrum rubram rubrum rubrōs rubrās rubra
Ablative rubrō rubrā rubrō rubrīs
Vocative ruber rubra rubrum rubrī rubrae rubra

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Italian: rubro
  • Corsican: rubru, rubriu, rubbriu

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Colors in Latin · colōrēs (layout · text)
     candidus, albus, niveus, cēreus, marmoreus, eburneus, cānus      rāvus, pullus, cinereus, cineraceus, plumbeusgrīseus (ML. or NL.)      āter, niger, piceus
             pūniceusmurrinus, rūfus, ruber, russus, rubrīcus, mulleus; cocceus, coccīnus, badius              rutilus, armeniacus, auranteus, aurantiacus; fuscus, colōrius, cervīnus, spādīx              gilvus, helvus, fulvus, flāvus, croceus, pallidus, lūteus, blondinus (ML.)
             galbus, galbinus, lūridus              viridis              prasinus
             cyaneus              caeruleus, azurīnus (ML.), blavus (ML.)              glaucus; līvidus; venetus
             violāceus, ianthinus, balaustīnus (NL.)              ostrīnus, amethystīnus              purpureus, ātropurpūreus, roseus, rosāceus

ReferencesEdit

  • ruber in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ruber in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ruber in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette