Akin to Ludian rubeta. Probably rupi (scab) +‎ -eta.[1]


  • IPA(key): /ˈruʋetɑˣ/, [ˈruʋe̞t̪ɑ(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -uʋetɑ
  • Syllabification: ru‧ve‧ta



  1. to begin or start to do something (+ active third infinitive in illative, first infinitive or noun in illative)
    Rupeaa satamaan.
    It's beginning to rain.
    Milloin ruvetaan tositoimiin?
    When do we start the real action?
  2. to take up (to begin doing an activity on a regular basis) (+ active third infinitive in illative or first infinitive)
    Olen ruvennut ompelemaan.
    I've taken up knitting.
  3. to become or wish to become something in the future (+ translative)
    Rupean lääkäriksi.
    I will become a doctor.
    Hän aikoo ruveta tanssijaksi.
    He plans to become a dancer.

Usage notesEdit

  • In the sense "to begin" or "to take up", ruveta is usually followed by the active third infinitive form of a verb in illative, a first infinitive or, less often, with illative form of a noun that is closely related to an activity, such as työ (work). In the sense "to become something" that, to which one becomes, is in translative.
  • (begin to do): ruveta tends to represent a more active and/or voluntary role in the action than alkaa.


Inflection of ruveta (Kotus type 74/katketa, p-v gradation)
indicative mood
present tense perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. rupean en rupea 1st sing. olen ruvennut en ole ruvennut
2nd sing. rupeat et rupea 2nd sing. olet ruvennut et ole ruvennut
3rd sing. rupeaa ei rupea 3rd sing. on ruvennut ei ole ruvennut
1st plur. rupeamme emme rupea 1st plur. olemme ruvenneet emme ole ruvenneet
2nd plur. rupeatte ette rupea 2nd plur. olette ruvenneet ette ole ruvenneet
3rd plur. rupeavat eivät rupea 3rd plur. ovat ruvenneet eivät ole ruvenneet
passive ruvetaan ei ruveta passive on ruvettu ei ole ruvettu
past tense pluperfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. rupesin en ruvennut 1st sing. olin ruvennut en ollut ruvennut
2nd sing. rupesit et ruvennut 2nd sing. olit ruvennut et ollut ruvennut
3rd sing. rupesi ei ruvennut 3rd sing. oli ruvennut ei ollut ruvennut
1st plur. rupesimme emme ruvenneet 1st plur. olimme ruvenneet emme olleet ruvenneet
2nd plur. rupesitte ette ruvenneet 2nd plur. olitte ruvenneet ette olleet ruvenneet
3rd plur. rupesivat eivät ruvenneet 3rd plur. olivat ruvenneet eivät olleet ruvenneet
passive ruvettiin ei ruvettu passive oli ruvettu ei ollut ruvettu
conditional mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. rupeaisin
en rupeaisi
en rupeisi
1st sing. olisin ruvennut en olisi ruvennut
2nd sing. rupeaisit
et rupeaisi
et rupeisi
2nd sing. olisit ruvennut et olisi ruvennut
3rd sing. rupeaisi
ei rupeaisi
ei rupeisi
3rd sing. olisi ruvennut ei olisi ruvennut
1st plur. rupeaisimme
emme rupeaisi
emme rupeisi
1st plur. olisimme ruvenneet emme olisi ruvenneet
2nd plur. rupeaisitte
ette rupeaisi
ette rupeisi
2nd plur. olisitte ruvenneet ette olisi ruvenneet
3rd plur. rupeaisivat
eivät rupeaisi
eivät rupeisi
3rd plur. olisivat ruvenneet eivät olisi ruvenneet
passive ruvettaisiin ei ruvettaisi passive olisi ruvettu ei olisi ruvettu
imperative mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. 1st sing.
2nd sing. rupea älä rupea 2nd sing. ole ruvennut älä ole ruvennut
3rd sing. ruvetkoon älköön ruvetko 3rd sing. olkoon ruvennut älköön olko ruvennut
1st plur. ruvetkaamme älkäämme ruvetko 1st plur. olkaamme ruvenneet älkäämme olko ruvenneet
2nd plur. ruvetkaa älkää ruvetko 2nd plur. olkaa ruvenneet älkää olko ruvenneet
3rd plur. ruvetkoot älkööt ruvetko 3rd plur. olkoot ruvenneet älkööt olko ruvenneet
passive ruvettakoon älköön ruvettako passive olkoon ruvettu älköön olko ruvettu
potential mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. ruvennen en ruvenne 1st sing. lienen ruvennut en liene ruvennut
2nd sing. ruvennet et ruvenne 2nd sing. lienet ruvennut et liene ruvennut
3rd sing. ruvennee ei ruvenne 3rd sing. lienee ruvennut ei liene ruvennut
1st plur. ruvennemme emme ruvenne 1st plur. lienemme ruvenneet emme liene ruvenneet
2nd plur. ruvennette ette ruvenne 2nd plur. lienette ruvenneet ette liene ruvenneet
3rd plur. ruvennevat eivät ruvenne 3rd plur. lienevät ruvenneet eivät liene ruvenneet
passive ruvettaneen ei ruvettane passive lienee ruvettu ei liene ruvettu
Nominal forms
infinitives participles
active passive active passive
1st ruveta present rupeava ruvettava
long 1st2 ruvetakseen past ruvennut ruvettu
2nd inessive1 ruvetessa ruvettaessa agent1, 3 rupeama
instructive ruveten negative rupeamaton
3rd inessive rupeamassa 1) Usually with a possessive suffix.

2) Used only with a possessive suffix; this is the form for the third-person singular and third-person plural.
3) Does not exist in the case of intransitive verbs. Do not confuse with nouns formed with the -ma suffix.

elative rupeamasta
illative rupeamaan
adessive rupeamalla
abessive rupeamatta
instructive rupeaman ruvettaman
4th nominative rupeaminen
partitive rupeamista
5th2 rupeamaisillaan



  1. ^ Itkonen, Erkki; Kulonen, Ulla-Maija, editors (1992–2000) Suomen sanojen alkuperä [The origin of Finnish words] (in Finnish), Helsinki: Institute for the Languages of Finland/Finnish Literature Society, →ISBN





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