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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English -ken, -kien, from Old English -cian, from Proto-Germanic *-kōną. Cognate with West Frisian -kje, German -chen, Danish -ke, Swedish -ka. Perhaps related to Old English diminutive suffix -uc, -oc. More at -ock.

SuffixEdit

-k

  1. (obsolete, no longer productive) A suffix found in words of Middle English, Old English, usually with an intensive or frequentative effect.
    tale, talk; steal, stalk; smile, smirk; mire, mirk; lour, lurk; hear, hark; fare, firk; yare, yark

AbenakiEdit

SuffixEdit

-k

  1. A suffix used to form the plurals of some animate words.
    tmakwa (beaver)tmakwak (beavers)

Usage notesEdit

  • Used to form the plurals of almost all words that end in a, and of some words that end in other vowels or in the semivowel w; not used to form the plurals of words ending in consonants.
  • See the usage notes at -ak.

ChuukeseEdit

SuffixEdit

-k

  1. (added to verbs) you (singular, indirect object suffix)

EstonianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Cognate with Finnish -kko.

SuffixEdit

-k (genitive -ku, partitive -kut)

  1. Derives nouns from verbs, or sometimes from other nominals. The derivations can express the following:
    1. a single instance of an action
      minema (to go)minek (a going)
      ründama (to attack)rünnak (an attack)
    2. the object of an action
      õppima (to study)õpik (textbook)
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

Cognate with Finnish -kki.

SuffixEdit

-k (genitive -ki, partitive -kit)

  1. Derives nouns from verbs denoting an instrument of action.
    sõitma (to drive)sõiduk (vehicle)
    hõljuma (to hover)hõljuk (hovercraft)
    tõstma (to raise)tõstuk (lift)
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit


Etymology 3Edit

May be the same as etymology 2.

SuffixEdit

-k (genitive -gi, partitive -ki)

  1. Derives nouns from verbs, or sometimes from other nominals. The derivations can express the following:
    1. the result of an action
      jääma (to remain)jääk (residue, remainder)
      saama (to receive)saak (yield)
    2. the object of an action
      sööma (to eat)söök (food)
      jooma (to drink)jook (drink, beverage)

HungarianEdit

SuffixEdit

-k

  1. (plural suffix) -s, -es
    hajó (ship)hajók (ships)
    alma (apple)almák (apples)
    mese (fairy tale)mesék (fairy tales)
  2. (personal suffix) Denotes the first-person singular present tense in verb suffixes for all moods (indicative, conditional and subjunctive).
    ír (to write)
    írok (I write, I am writing)
    írnék (I would write)
    írjak (I should write)
  3. Pre-historic diminutive suffix.
    lélek (soul)
    fészek (nest)

Usage notesEdit

  • (plural suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -k is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    (woman) →‎ k (women)
    fa (tree) →‎ k (trees)
    csésze (cup) →‎ csészék (cups)
    -ak is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant:
    ház (house) →‎ házak (houses)
    -ok is added to most back-vowel words ending in a consonant:
    pad (bench) →‎ padok (benches)
    -ek is added to unrounded front-vowel words (and some rounded front-vowel words) ending in a consonant:
    kert (garden) →‎ kertek (gardens)
    könyv (book) →‎ könyvek (books)
    -ök is added to rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant:
    kör (circle) →‎ körök (circles)
  • Note that the plural form is not used after definite and indefinite numerals in Hungarian (e.g. három könyv - three books, néhány óra múlva - in a few hours), only if there is no numeral before the phrase. There are very few (traditional) exceptions, including háromkirályok, mindenszentek as well as összes művei, költeményei (compare plural -i after a possessive suffix).

See alsoEdit


Lower SorbianEdit

SuffixEdit

-k

  1. used on masculine nouns to form a diminutive

Derived termsEdit



MalteseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From both Arabic ـَكَ(-aka) and ـِكِ(-iki)

SuffixEdit

-k m or f

  1. you (object suffix, second person singular)

Related termsEdit


VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

ParticleEdit

-k

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “а, ли”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika