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Alternative formsEdit


Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *seh₁- (to sow). Or, from *sh₂ey- (to bind, knit, tie together, tie to, connect) + *-tlom (instrumental suffix) (whence Latin -culum), in the sense of successive generations being linked together over time. Confer Lithuanian sėkla and Gaulish Sētlocenia.



saeculum n (genitive saeculī); second declension

  1. race, breed
  2. generation, lifetime
  3. age, time
  4. century
  5. worldliness; the world


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative saeculum saecula
genitive saeculī saeculōrum
dative saeculō saeculīs
accusative saeculum saecula
ablative saeculō saeculīs
vocative saeculum saecula

Derived termsEdit



  • saeculum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • saeculum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • saeculum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • saeculum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the spirit of the times, the fashion: saeculi consuetudo or ratio atque inclinatio temporis (temporum)
    • universal history: omnis memoria, omnis memoria aetatum, temporum, civitatum or omnium rerum, gentium, temporum, saeculorum memoria
  • saeculum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • saeculum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • Watkins, Calvert (1985), “sē-”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
  • Tucker, T.G., Etymological Dictionary of Latin, Ares Publishers, 1976 (reprint of 1931 edition).
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN