From Middle English breden, from Old English brēdan, from Proto-Germanic *brōdijaną (“to brood”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰreh₁- (“warm”). Cognate with Scots brede, breid, Saterland Frisian briede, West Frisian briede, Dutch broeden, German Low German bröden, German brüten.
breed (third-person singular simple present breeds, present participle breeding, simple past and past participle bred)
- To produce offspring sexually; to bear young.
2013 May-June, David Van Tassel, Lee DeHaan, “Wild Plants to the Rescue”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3:
- Plant breeding is always a numbers game. […] The wild species we use are rich in genetic variation, and individual plants are highly heterozygous and do not breed true. In addition, we are looking for rare alleles, so the more plants we try, the better.
- (transitive) To give birth to; to be the native place of.
- a pond breeds fish; a northern country breeds stout men
- Yet every mother breeds not sons alike.
- Of animals, to mate.
- To keep animals and have them reproduce in a way that improves the next generation’s qualities.
- To arrange the mating of specific animals.
She wanted to breed her cow to the neighbor's registered bull.
- To propagate or grow plants trying to give them certain qualities.
He tries to breed blue roses.
- To take care of in infancy and through childhood; to bring up.
- to bring thee forth with pain, with care to breed
- born and bred on the verge of the wilderness
- To yield or result in.
- Lest the place / And my quaint habits breed astonishment.
- (obsolete, intransitive) To be formed in the parent or dam; to be generated, or to grow, like young before birth.
- To educate; to instruct; to form by education; to train; sometimes followed by up.
- Bishop Burnet
- No care was taken to breed him a Protestant.
- John Locke
- His farm may not remove his children too far from him, or the trade he breeds them up in.
- To produce or obtain by any natural process.
- John Locke
- Children would breed their teeth with less danger.
- (intransitive) To have birth; to be produced or multiplied.
- Heavens rain grace / On that which breeds between them.
to sexually produce offspring
to keep animals and have them reproduce
to arrange mating of animals
to propagate or grow plants
to take care of in infancy and through childhood
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
breed (plural breeds)
- All animals or plants of the same species or subspecies.
- a breed of tulip
- a breed of animal
- A race or lineage; offspring or issue.
- 1609, William Shakespeare, Sonnet 12:
- And nothing 'gainst Time's scythe can make defence
- Save breed, to brave him when he takes thee hence.
- (informal) A group of people with shared characteristics.
- People who were taught classical Greek and Latin at school are a dying breed.
all animals or plants of the same species or subspecies
race or lineage
- Korean: 계통 (ko) (gyetong)
- Kyrgyz: бак (ky) (bak)
- Low German:
- German Low German: Raaß f, Rooß f
- Polish: rasa (pl) f
- Portuguese: raça (pt) f
- Romanian: rasă (ro) f
- Russian: ра́са (ru) f (rása), род (ru) m (rod), пле́мя (ru) n (plémja)
- Scottish Gaelic: gnè f, seòrsa m
- Serbo-Croatian: rasa (sh), soj (sh) m, pasmina (sh) f, loza (sh) f
- Slovak: plemeno n, rasa f
- Spanish: raza (es) f (of animals), casta (es) f (of people), cepa (es) f (of plants), variedad (es) f (of plants)
- Swedish: ras (sv) c, sort (sv) c