sardine

See also: Sardine

EnglishEdit

 
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Sardina pilchardus.

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French sardine (compare Spanish sardina, Italian sardina), Latin sardina; from Ancient Greek σαρδίνη (sardínē).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sardine (plural sardines)

  1. Any one of several species of small herring which are commonly preserved in olive oil or in tins for food, especially the pilchard, or European sardine Sardina pilchardus (syn. Clupea pilchardus). The California sardine Sardinops sagax (syn. Clupea sagax) is similar. The American sardines of the Atlantic coast are mostly the young of the Atlantic herring and of the menhaden.
  2. (obsolete) carnelian
  3. (figuratively) Someone packed or crammed into a small space.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for sardine in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

VerbEdit

sardine (third-person singular simple present sardines, present participle sardining, simple past and past participle sardined)

  1. to fish for sardines
    • 1997, Peter Landesman, The raven: a novel:
      No one on Monhegan says they saw them, but a man sardining says he saw it headed there, or at least some boat with people atop it.
  2. to pack or cram together tightly.
    • 1954, Tom McCahill, The modern sports car:
      Six-foot- four McMichael (a past master at the art of sardining) not only crammed enough clothes for the trip into the mighty midget, but carried a full set of golf clubs and a banjo, as well!
    • 1986, The New Yorker - Volumen 62,
      Would it be unbearably elitist to suggest that they would be more enjoyable still if the director removed a row or two of chairs, instead of sardining as many listeners as possible into the intimate music room?
    • 2007, Julie Kavanagh, Nureyev: The Life:
      There were already six members of the Nureyev family living in a room sixteen meters square, the children sardined on one mattress on the floor, their parents separated by only a curtain.

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch sardeyne, sardayne, sardine, from Latin sardina.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˌsɑrˈdi.nə/, /sɑrˈdin/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sar‧di‧ne
  • Rhymes: -inə, -in

NounEdit

sardine f (plural sardines, diminutive sardinetje n)

  1. sardine, fish of the family Clupeidae

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Afrikaans: sardyn, sardien

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin sardina.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sardine f (plural sardines)

  1. sardine, pilchard
    • 1788, Jean-Jacques_Barthélemy, Voyage du jeune Anacharsis en Grèce
      Les sardines sont ailleurs l'aliment du peuple ; celles que nous prenons aux environs de Phalère mériteraient d'être servies à la table des dieux, surtout quand on ne les laisse qu'un instant dans l'huile.
      The pilchards taken in other countries are the food of the common people ; those we catch in the vicinity of Phalerum are worthly of the table of the gods, especially when left to steep only for a moment in boiling oil.

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


ItalianEdit

NounEdit

sardine f

  1. plural of sardina

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

AdjectiveEdit

  • sardīne

AdjectiveEdit

sardīne

  1. vocative masculine singular of sardīnus