Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *skreiβō (with scrīptus for *scriptus after scrīpsī), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kreybʰ-. Cognates include Ancient Greek σκάριφος (skáriphos).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

scrībō (present infinitive scrībere, perfect active scrīpsī, supine scrīptum); third conjugation

  1. to write
    Synonym: perscrībō

Conjugation edit

   Conjugation of scrībō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present scrībō scrībis scrībit scrībimus scrībitis scrībunt
imperfect scrībēbam scrībēbās scrībēbat scrībēbāmus scrībēbātis scrībēbant
future scrībam scrībēs scrībet scrībēmus scrībētis scrībent
perfect scrīpsī scrīpsistī scrīpsit scrīpsimus scrīpsistis scrīpsērunt,
pluperfect scrīpseram scrīpserās scrīpserat scrīpserāmus scrīpserātis scrīpserant
future perfect scrīpserō scrīpseris scrīpserit scrīpserimus scrīpseritis scrīpserint
passive present scrībor scrīberis,
scrībitur scrībimur scrībiminī scrībuntur
imperfect scrībēbar scrībēbāris,
scrībēbātur scrībēbāmur scrībēbāminī scrībēbantur
future scrībar scrībēris,
scrībētur scrībēmur scrībēminī scrībentur
perfect scrīptus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect scrīptus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect scrīptus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present scrībam scrībās scrībat scrībāmus scrībātis scrībant
imperfect scrīberem scrīberēs scrīberet scrīberēmus scrīberētis scrīberent
perfect scrīpserim scrīpserīs scrīpserit scrīpserīmus scrīpserītis scrīpserint
pluperfect scrīpsissem scrīpsissēs scrīpsisset scrīpsissēmus scrīpsissētis scrīpsissent
passive present scrībar scrībāris,
scrībātur scrībāmur scrībāminī scrībantur
imperfect scrīberer scrīberēris,
scrīberētur scrīberēmur scrīberēminī scrīberentur
perfect scrīptus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect scrīptus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present scrībe scrībite
future scrībitō scrībitō scrībitōte scrībuntō
passive present scrībere scrībiminī
future scrībitor scrībitor scrībuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives scrībere scrīpsisse scrīptūrum esse scrībī scrīptum esse scrīptum īrī
participles scrībēns scrīptūrus scrīptus scrībendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
scrībendī scrībendō scrībendum scrībendō scrīptum scrīptū

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

Reflexes of an assumed variant *scrībīre

References edit

Further reading edit

  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to write a history: historiam (-as) scribere
    • to write poetry: versus facere, scribere
    • to write correctly, in faultless style: emendate scribere
    • to write good Latin: latine scribere (Opt. Gen. Or. 2. 4)
    • to take to writing, become an author: scribere
    • to write a book: librum scribere, conscribere
    • to write a letter to some one: epistulam (litteras) dare, scribere, mittere ad aliquem
    • to separate, be divorced (used of man or woman): repudium dicere or scribere alicui
    • to appoint some one as heir in one's will: aliquem heredem testamento scribere, facere
    • to make laws (of a legislator): leges scribere, facere, condere, constituere (not dare)
    • a legislator: qui leges scribit (not legum lator)
    • to levy troops: milites (exercitum) scribere, conscribere
    • to levy recruits to fill up the strength: supplementum cogere, scribere, legere
    • (ambiguous) we read in history: apud rerum scriptores scriptum videmus, scriptum est
    • (ambiguous) I have nothing to write about: non habeo, non est quod scribam
    • (ambiguous) to hold by the letter (of the law): verba ac litteras or scriptum (legis) sequi (opp. sententia the spirit)
    • (ambiguous) we read in Plato: apud Platonem scriptum videmus, scriptum est or simply est
    • (ambiguous) in Plato's 'Phaedo' we read: in Platonis Phaedone scriptum est
    • (ambiguous) full of orthographical errors: mendose scriptum
    • (ambiguous) the law says..: in lege scriptum est, or simply est
  • scribo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • scribo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • scribo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN