See also: sesi and šeši

Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a previous stem *ses- (whence the ordinal sestais; s > š probably caused by the final plural i, extended to this previously undeclinable stem by analogy), from Proto-Baltic *seš-, from Proto-Indo-European *swéḱs, *séḱs (six). Cognates include Lithuanian šešì, Old Prussian *uši, Sudovian sziasz ([š'eš]), Old Church Slavonic шесть (šestĭ), Russian шесть (šest'), Belarusian шесць (šests'), Ukrainian шість (šist'), Bulgarian шест (šest), Czech šest, Polish sześć), Polabian sest, Old Irish , Gothic 𐍃𐌰𐌹𐌷𐍃 ([[saihs [sehs]#Gothic|saihs [sehs]]]), Old High German sëhs, German sechs, Old English siex, English six), Old Norse, Swedish sex, Sanskrit षष (ṣaṣ), Ancient Greek ἕξ (héx) (Doric ϝέξ (wéx)), Latin sex.[1]

PronunciationEdit

Latvian cardinal numbers
 <  5 6 7  > 
    Cardinal : seši
    Ordinal : sestais
    Multiplier : sešreiz
    Nominal : sešnieks
    Fractional : sestdaļa
Latvian Wikipedia article on seši
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NumeralEdit

seši

  1. six (the cipher, the cardinal number six)
    pieci un viens ir sešifive plus one is six
    pie sešiem pieskaitīt vienuto add one to six
    skaitīt no viens līdz sešito count from one to six
  2. six (an amount equal to six)
    seši metrisix meters
    sešas dienassix days
  3. six o'clock (a moment in time; six hours after midnight, or after noon)
    pulkstenis ir sešiit is six o'clock
    beigt darbu sešos pēc pusdienasto finish work at six o'clock after lunch (= in the afternoon)
    ierasties sešos un divdesmit minūtēsto arrive at 10 minutes past six

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “seši”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7