seši

See also: sesi and šeši

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a previous stem *ses- (whence the ordinal sestais; s > š probably caused by the final plural i, extended to this previously undeclinable stem by analogy), from Proto-Baltic *seš-, from Proto-Indo-European *swéḱs, *séḱs (six). Cognates include Lithuanian šešì, Old Prussian *uši, Sudovian sziasz ([š'eš]), Old Church Slavonic шесть (šestĭ), Russian шесть (šest'), Belarusian шесць (šests'), Ukrainian шість (šist'), Bulgarian шест (šest), Czech šest, Polish sześć), Polabian sest, Old Irish , Gothic 𐍃𐌰𐌹𐌷𐍃 (saihs [sehs]), Old High German sëhs, German sechs, Old English siex, English six), Old Norse, Swedish sex, Sanskrit षष (ṣaṣ), Ancient Greek ἕξ (hex) (Doric ϝέξ (wéx)), Latin sex.[1]

PronunciationEdit

Latvian cardinal numbers
 <  5 6 7  > 
    Cardinal : seši
    Ordinal : sestais
    Multiplier : sešreiz
    Nominal : sešnieks
    Fractional : sestdaļa
Latvian Wikipedia article on seši
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NumeralEdit

seši

  1. six (the cipher, the cardinal number six)
    pieci un viens ir seši — five plus one is six
    pie sešiem pieskaitīt vienu — to add one to six
    skaitīt no viens līdz seši — to count from one to six
  2. six (an amount equal to six)
    seši metrisix meters
    sešas dienassix days
  3. six o'clock (a moment in time; six hours after midnight, or after noon)
    pulkstenis ir seši — it is six o'clock
    beigt darbu sešos pēc pusdienas — to finish work at six o'clock after lunch (= in the afternoon)
    ierasties sešos un divdesmit minūtēs — to arrive at 10 minutes past six

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “seši” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 3 April 2014, at 13:43