septiņi

Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a previous undeclinable *septin (by analogy assimilated to the class of nouns in -iņš, plural -iņi), from Proto-Baltic *septim, from Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥ ‎(seven). Cognates include Lithuanian septynì, Old Prussian sep(t)mas ‎(seventh), Proto-Slavic *sedmъ ‎(seventh), replacing an older Proto-Slavic *setь (Old Church Slavonic сєдмь ‎(sedmĭ), Russian семь ‎(semʹ), Belarusian сем ‎(sjem), Ukrainian сім ‎(sim), Bulgarian се́дем ‎(sédem), Czech sedm, Polish siedem), Gothic 𐍃𐌹𐌱𐌿𐌽 ‎(sibun), Old High German sibun, Old English seofon, German sieben, English seven, Hittite šipta, Sanskrit सप्तन् ‎(saptán), Ancient Greek ἑπτά ‎(heptá), Latin septem.[1]

PronunciationEdit

Latvian cardinal numbers
 <  6 7 8  > 
    Cardinal : septiņi
    Ordinal : septītais
    Multiplier : septiņreiz
    Nominal : septiņnieks
    Fractional : septītdaļa
Latvian Wikipedia article on septiņi
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NumeralEdit

septiņi

  1. seven (the cipher, the cardinal number seven)
    trīs un četri ir septiņi — three plus four is seven
    divreiz septiņi ir četrpadsmit — two times seven is fourteen
    reizināt ar septiņi — to multiply by seven
    septiņi ir laimes skaitlisseven is a happy (= lucky, fortunate) number
    pie četriem pielikt septiņus — to add seven to four
  2. seven (an amount equal to seven)
    septiņi metri audumaseven meters of fabric
    pagaidīt septiņas minūtes — to wait for seven minutes
    septiņi gadi, septiņus gadus vecs bērns — a seven year old child
    septiņu stundu darbadiena — a seven-hour working day
  3. seven o'clock (a moment in time; seven hours after midnight, or after noon)
    pulkstenis ir septiņi — it is seven o'clock
    septiņos no rītaat seven o'clock in the morning
    koncerts sākas septiņos vakarā — the concert begins at seven o'clock at night

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “septiņi”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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