See also: Viens

French edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /vjɛ̃/
  • (file)

Verb edit


  1. inflection of venir:
    1. first/second-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Usage notes edit

  • Commonly used in the spoken language instead of the more formal-sounding first-person plural imperative in structures like "viens, on dort" (instead of "dormons", meaning "(come on,) let's sleep") when speaking to one person.

Latin edit

Etymology edit

Present participle of vieō

Participle edit

viēns (genitive vientis); third-declension one-termination participle

  1. bending

Declension edit

Third-declension participle.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative viēns vientēs vientia
Genitive vientis vientium
Dative vientī vientibus
Accusative vientem viēns vientēs
Ablative viente
Vocative viēns vientēs vientia

1When used purely as an adjective.

Latvian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Baltic *eynos (with ey > ie metathesis; note that some 17th-century Kurzeme and Zemgale dialects still had some forms with ey), from a Proto-Indo-European *éyno-, *éynos, from *éy, *óy (he, it) (non-Baltic cognates derive from o-grade *óy; compare Proto-Indo-European *óynos (one)) with a suffix *-nos, which originally had an adjectival meaning. The Eastern Baltic cognates (unlike Old Prussian) have an initial v, which suggests an intermediate Eastern Baltic form *weynos. This initial *w may result from sporadic word-initial consonant-joining phenomena, or from a possible particle *w-, *we-. Cognates of viens include Lithuanian víenas, Old Prussian ains, Gothic 𐌰𐌹𐌽𐍃 (ains), German eins, English one, Old Irish oín, Ancient Greek οἰνός (oinós, one (when throwing dice)), Latin ūnus (< *oinos). From the form *eynos comes also Proto-Slavic *inъ, *edinъ, *edьnъ (one) (Old Church Slavonic ѥдинъ (jedinŭ), ѥдьнъ (jedĭnŭ), Ukrainian, Russian оди́н (odín), Belarusian адзі́н (adzín), Bulgarian еди́н (edín), Czech, Slovak, Polish jeden.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Latvian cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : viens
    Ordinal : pirmais
    Nominal : vieninieks
  This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Numeral edit


  1. one (the cipher, the cardinal number one)
    pieci un viens ir sešifive and one is six
    no diviem atņemt vienuto subtract one from two
  2. one (an amount equal to one)
    viens galds, zimulisone table, pencil
    viena tonnaone ton
    viens kilograms, litrs, metrsone kilo, liter, meter
    vieni vārti, svārki, ratione gate, skirt, cart
    vienas mājas, biksesone home, one pair of pants
    pirms viena gadaone year ago
    nosvērt vienu kilogramu sviestato weigh one kilo of butter
  3. one o'clock (a moment in time; one hour after midnight, or after noon)
    pulkstenis ir viensit is one o'clock
    pulkstenis ir pāri vieniemit is past one o'clock
    no vieniem līdz diviemfrom one to two o'clock
    vilciens pienāk vienosthe train arrives at one o'clock
  4. (arithmetic, used as a noun) one, unit (the digit in the last position in a number)
    saskaitīt vienus ar vieniem, desmitus ar desmitiemto add the ones with the ones, the tens with the tens
  5. (used as a noun) one (person, thing, event, action)
    visi par vienu, viens par visiemall for one and one for all
    visi kā viensall as one
    viens, kas man rūp, ir laika trūkumsone (thing) I care about is the lack of time
    runāt vienu, bet darīt (ko) cituto say one (thing) and do another
    viena dziedāja, otra spēlējaone (girl) is drawing, the other is playing
  6. one, a certain (marking indefiniteness)
    vienā jaukā dienā(in) one nice, fine day
    tur jūs viens gaidaone (person) is waiting for you there
  7. the same (indicating identity, sameness)
    viens un tas patsone and the same
    atkārtot vienu un to pašuto repeat the same thing
    vienā laikāat the same time
    vienā ritmāin the same rhythm
    būt vienos gadosto be of the same age
    abi domāja vienu domuboth are thinking the same thought
    viena lieluma priekšmetiobjects of the same size
  8. alone, by oneself, without the help of others
    viens pats, viena patialone by himself, alone by herself
    viņš dzivo gluži vienshe lives completely alone
    mēs ar brāli palikām vieniI stayed alone with my brother
  9. (with otrs) one or other, some, a few (people, objects, events)
    viens otrs to apšaubaa few (people) doubt it.
    vienā otrā' gadījumā, vietā — ín a few cases, places
  10. (with otrs, in different cases) each other, one another (indicating mutual relations, influence)
    cienīt vienam otruto respect each other
    viņi tuliņ pazina viens otruthey immediately recognized each other
    viņi palīdz viens otramthey help each other
    iet viens aiz otrato go one after another
    labi izturēties vienam pret otramto treat each other well
  11. (with no) one of the... (member of a certain group)
    viņš ir viens no labākajiem mūsdienu rakstniekiemhe is one of the best contemporary writers
    tas ir viens no tiem gadījumiem, kas liek padomātthis is one of those cases that make one think
    viens no diviem - jā vai nēeither yes or no (lit. one of two (options): yes or no)
  12. one, in one (indicating continuity, lack of interruption)
    zirgs ir vienās putāsthe horse is in a lather, agitated
    māja stāv vienās liesmāsthe house is in one flame (= aflame, in flames, on fire)
    runāt vienā gabalāto speak in one piece (= without interruption)
    dzīvot vienās bailēsto live in one fear (= constantly in fear)
  13. one, one really... (used to intensify the meaning)
    viņš ir viens kārtīgs cilvēkshe is one (really) neat person
    ak tu viens palaidni!oh you (are) one mischievous (person)!
    tā mūsu Beņa ir gan viena! ko tik viņa sadomā, to izdara, lai vai kas...our Beņa is really one (woman)! whatever she fancies, she does, no matter what...

Usage notes edit

Usually, only the singular forms of viens are used; the plural forms only occur with plural-only words (“pluralia tantum“). Also, in time expressions, the singular viens is used in “it is one o'clock,” but the plural form vieniem is used with postpositions (note also the simple locative plural form vienos “at one o'clock”).

Declension edit

Coordinate terms edit

Derived terms edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “viens”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN