Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/swéḱs

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Given the attested forms in the daughter languages, some have proposed that the original form was *wéḱs (whence Armenian, Old Prussian and possibly Ancient Greek). The initial *s- would then be secondary (imported from *septḿ̥), and when it was just added the result was *swéḱs (Celtic, Iranian, and Ancient Greek if it is not from *wéḱs), whereas when it was substituted for the original consonant, the result was *séḱs (Sanskrit, Latin, Germanic, Lithuanian and OCS).

NumeralEdit

Proto-Indo-European cardinal numbers
 <  5 6 7  > 
    Cardinal : *swéḱs
    Ordinal : *sweḱstós[1]

*swéḱs

  1. six

DescendantsEdit

  • Albanian: *seksti
  • Armenian:
  • Balto-Slavic: *šéš
  • Celtic: *swexs (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *sehs (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *hwéks
  • Indo-Iranian: *šwáćš (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *seks
    • Latin: sex (see there for further descendants)
  • Kartvelian: *eks₁w- (see there for further descendants)
  • Tocharian:

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2004, 2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, Oxford: Blackwell