Esperanto

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Verb

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similis

  1. past of simili

Latin

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Etymology

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From Proto-Italic *semalis, from Proto-Indo-European *sem-h₂-lo-, from *sem- (together, one). Cognate with Ancient Greek ὁμαλός (homalós, even, level), Welsh hafal (equal).[1]

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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similis (neuter simile, comparative similior, superlative simillimus, adverb similiter); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. similar
    Synonym: aequālis
    Antonyms: dissimilis, absimilis, inaequālis
  2. (takes a dative object) similar to, like, resembling

Declension

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Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative similis simile similēs similia
Genitive similis similium
Dative similī similibus
Accusative similem simile similēs
similīs
similia
Ablative similī similibus
Vocative similis simile similēs similia

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Inherited:
    • Old French: semble
    • Old Neapolitan: semele
    • Old Occitan: semble
    • Romanian: seamăn
    • Vulgar Latin: *similiāre (see there for further descendants)
  • Borrowed:

References

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  • similis”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • similis”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • similis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be probable: veri simile esse
    • to employ a comparison, simile: simili uti
    • to use the same simile, illustration: ut in eodem simili verser
  • similis”, in William Smith, editor (1848), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • Walther von Wartburg (1928–2002) “sĭmĭlis”, in Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volumes 11: S–Si, page 628
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 564-5