See also: Model, modeł, modèl, and módel

English edit

 
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Wikipedia

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle French modelle, from Old Italian modello, from Vulgar Latin *modellus, diminutive form of modulus (measure, standard), diminutive of modus (measure); see mode, and compare module, modulus, mould, mold.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

model (plural models)

  1. A person who serves as a subject for artwork or fashion, usually in the medium of photography but also for painting or drawing.
    The beautiful model had her face on the cover of almost every fashion magazine imaginable.
  2. A person, usually an attractive male or female, who is hired to show items or goods to the public, such as items that are given away as prizes on a TV game show.
  3. A representation of a physical object, usually in miniature.
    The boy played with a model of a World War II fighter plane.
  4. A simplified representation used to explain the workings of a real world system or event.
    machine learning model
    The computer weather model did not correctly predict the path of the hurricane.
    • 2007 November 1, Jeff Goodell, quoting James Lovelock, “James Lovelock, the Prophet”, in Rolling Stone[1]:
      The trouble is, all those well-intentioned scientists who are arguing that we’re not in any imminent danger are basing their arguments on computer models. I’m basing mine on what’s actually happening.
    • 2013 June 29, Leo Montada, “Coping with Life Stress”, in Herman Steensma, Riël Vermunt, editors, Social Justice in Human Relations Volume 2: Societal and Psychological Consequences of Justice and Injustice[2], Springer Science & Business Media, →ISBN, page 26:
      The fourth model is called the enlightment model: Actors are seen to be responsible for problems but unable or unwilling to provide solutions. They are believed to need discipline provided by authoritative guidance. The Alcoholic Anonymous[sic] groups are considered prototypical for this model.
  5. A style, type, or design.
    He decided to buy the turbo engine model of the sports car.
    This year's model features four doors instead of two.
  6. The structural design of a complex system.
    The team developed a sound business model.
  7. A successful example to be copied, with or without modifications.
    He was a model of eloquence and virtue.
    British parliamentary democracy was seen as a model for other countries to follow.
    • 1960 December, “The Glasgow Suburban Electrification is opened”, in Trains Illustrated, page 714:
      Above all, the 48-page timetables of the new service, which have been distributed free at every station in the scheme, are a model to the rest of B.R. For the first time on British Railways, so far as we are aware, a substantial timetable has been produced, not only without a single footnote but also devoid of all wearisome asterisks, stars, letter suffixes and other hieroglyphics.
    • 2013 June 22, “Engineers of a different kind”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8841, page 70:
      Private-equity nabobs bristle at being dubbed mere financiers. [] Much of their pleading is public-relations bluster. Clever financial ploys are what have made billionaires of the industry’s veterans. “Operational improvement” in a portfolio company has often meant little more than promising colossal bonuses to sitting chief executives if they meet ambitious growth targets. That model is still prevalent today.
  8. (logic) An interpretation function which assigns a truth value to each atomic proposition.
  9. (logic) An interpretation which makes a set of sentences true, in which case that interpretation is called a model of that set.
  10. (medicine) An animal that is used to study a human disease or pathology.
  11. Any copy, or resemblance, more or less exact.
  12. (software architecture) In software applications using the model-view-controller design pattern, the part or parts of the application that manage the data.

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

Hyponyms edit

Hyponyms of "model"

Derived terms edit

more derived terms (unsorted: some may also by hyponyms - feel free to move them to that heading. Thanks :)

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adjective edit

model (not comparable)

  1. Worthy of being a model; exemplary.
    Synonym: ideal
    • 1898, John Thorburn, The St. Andrew's Society of Ottawa: 1846-1897 : sketch, page 40:
      [...] from the land of your origin, because you demand the claims of those who believe it more model than yours, [...]
    • 1932, Nora Fugger, translated by James Austin Galaston, The Glory of the Habsburgs: the Memoirs of Princess Fugger, page 35:
      Methods of game-preservation in their extensive and well-stocked hunting-grounds were as model as the huntsmanlike management of the hunts.
    • 1934, Charles Ryle Fay, Imperial economy and its place in the formation of economic doctrine, 1600-1932, page 143:
      [...] and we press with special severity on one small country whose agriculture is as model as is her way of rural life.
    • 1956, Stephen Rynne, All Ireland, page 54:
      True, it is an untidy county; the farmhouses are much more model than the farms (when we reach Antrim we shall find that the farms are more model than the farmhouses).
    • 1961, Blackwood's Magazine, volume 289, page 525:
      At our approach the animals made so much noise that the owners of the hut peered round the door to see what was the matter; outwardly rather less model than the farm, there appeared two ancient Basques, emblematically black-bereted, gnarled [...]
    • 1968, American County Government, volume 33, page 19:
      But not all the exchanges were as model as the sergeant. Some of the exchangees showed a rigidity and reluctance to adapt.
    • 1999, Michael D. Williams, Acquisition for the 21st century: the F-22 Development Program, page 113:
      It is as model as you can get.
    • 2002, Uma Anand Segal, A framework for immigration: Asians in the United States, page 308:
      While Asians have been perceived as the model minority, it is increasingly clear that some Asian groups are more model than are others, and even within these model groups, a division exists [...]
    • 2010, Eleanor Coppola, Notes on a Life, page 140:
      All were neat and well kept which added to the sense that they were more model than real.

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb edit

model (third-person singular simple present models, present participle (UK) modelling or (US) modeling, simple past and past participle (UK) modelled or (US) modeled)

  1. (transitive) to display for others to see, especially in regard to wearing clothing while performing the role of a fashion model
    She modelled the shoes for her friends to see.
  2. (transitive) to use as an object in the creation of a forecast or model
    They modelled the data with a computer to analyse the experiment’s results.
    • 2023 June 28, Mel Holley, “A true transport trailblazer?”, in RAIL, number 986, page 34:
      What passenger growth might be achieved by this can be modelled, but experience shows that in the post-COVID environment, accurate modelling is exceptionally difficult.
  3. (transitive) to make a miniature model of
    He takes great pride in his skill at modeling airplanes.
  4. (transitive) to create from a substance such as clay
    The sculptor modelled the clay into the form of a dolphin.
  5. (intransitive) to make a model or models
  6. (intransitive) to work as a model in art or fashion
    The actress used to model before being discovered by Hollywood.

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Albanian edit

Etymology edit

Ultimately from Old Italian modello, from Vulgar Latin *modellus, diminutive form of modulus (measure, standard).

Noun edit

model m (plural modele, definite modeli, definite plural modelet)

  1. pattern
  2. example
    Synonyms: shembull, mostër

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

model m (plural models)

  1. model

Noun edit

model m or f by sense (plural models)

  1. model (person)

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Cebuano edit

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: mo‧del

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from English model, from Middle French modelle, from Old Italian modello, from Vulgar Latin *modellus, diminutive form of Latin modulus (measure, standard), diminutive of modus (measure).

Noun edit

model

  1. fashion model
  2. model, poser; someone who poses for a photograph or painting
  3. framework
  4. example

Verb edit

model

  1. to model
  2. to become or work as a fashion model
  3. to pose
Synonyms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From the Cebuano phrase mo-deliver ug lunggon (someone who delivers coffins).

Noun edit

model

  1. (colloquial, humorous) a funeral home worker; a funeral director or funeral attendant See usage notes.
Usage notes edit
  • Used to poke fun at a good-looking or well-dressed person.

Crimean Tatar edit

Etymology edit

From French modèle (model).

Noun edit

model

  1. model

Declension edit

References edit

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[3], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Czech edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From German Modell.

Noun edit

model m inan

  1. (art) model (artistic template)
  2. model (reduced-scale template, e.g. scale model)
  3. model (of a car, aircraft, etc.)
    Máte jiný model?Do you have another model?
  4. (metallurgy) model, mold
  5. (mathematics) (formal) model
Declension edit
Descendants edit

Noun edit

model m anim (feminine modelka)

  1. male model (person who models clothing, or an artist's model)
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun edit

model f

  1. genitive plural of modla

Further reading edit

  • model in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • model in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • model in Internetová jazyková příručka

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Middle French modelle, from Old Italian modello, from Vulgar Latin *modellus, diminutive form of modulus.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

model n (plural modellen, diminutive modelletje n)

  1. model (type, design)
  2. model (someone or something serving as an artistic subject)
  3. model (simplified representation)
  4. model (miniature)
  5. model (prototype)
  6. shape, the proper arrangement of something

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Indonesian edit

 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology edit

From Dutch model, from Middle French modelle, from Old Italian modello, from Vulgar Latin *modellus, diminutive form of modulus. Doublet of mode, modern, modul, and modus.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈmodɛl]
  • Hyphenation: mo‧dèl

Noun edit

modèl (first-person possessive modelku, second-person possessive modelmu, third-person possessive modelnya)

  1. model,
    1. a style, type, or design.
    2. a person who serves as a subject for artwork or fashion, usually in the medium of photography but also for painting or drawing.
    3. a person, usually an attractive female, hired to show items or goods to the public, such as items given away as prizes on a TV game show.
    4. a representation of a physical object, usually in miniature.
  2. (psychology) role model, a person who serves as an example, whose behavior is emulated by others

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Italian modello.[1] First attested in 1561.[2] Compare Silesian model.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

model m inan (diminutive modelik, related adjective modelowy)

  1. model (a representation of a physical object, usually in miniature)
  2. model (the structural design of a complex system)
    Synonyms: paradygmat, szablon, wzorzec, wzór
  3. model (a style, type, or design)
    Synonym: typ
  4. model (way of organizing something)
  5. model (object used to prepare casting molds)
  6. model (a successful example to be copied, with or without modifications)
  7. model (trial copy of a series of technical products)
  8. model (any copy, or resemblance, more or less exact)

Declension edit

Noun edit

model m pers (female equivalent modelka)

  1. model (a person who serves as a subject for artwork or fashion, usually in the medium of photography but also for painting or drawing)
  2. model (person who serves as a subject for artwork)
  3. (colloquial) funny guy (person who makes one laugh or shocks with their behavior)
    Synonyms: agregat, aparat, numer, numerant

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

adverbs
nouns
verbs

Related terms edit

adverbs
nouns

Trivia edit

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), model is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 39 times in scientific texts, 3 times in news, 19 times in essays, 1 time in fiction, and 2 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 64 times, making it the 1023rd most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[3]

References edit

  1. ^ Bańkowski, Andrzej (2000), “model”, in Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish)
  2. ^ model”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish], 2010-2023
  3. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “model”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 253

Further reading edit

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French modèle or Italian modello.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /moˈdel/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -el
  • Hyphenation: mo‧del

Noun edit

model n (plural modele)

  1. a template

Declension edit

Silesian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Czech model.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

model m inan (related adjective modelowy)

  1. model

Related terms edit

nouns

References edit

  1. ^ Aleksandra Wencel (2023), “model”, in Dykcjůnôrz ślų̊sko-polski, page 409

Further reading edit

  • model in silling.org
  • Henryk Jaroszewicz (2022), “model”, in Zasady pisowni języka śląskiego (in Polish), Siedlce: Wydawnictwo Naukowe IKR[i]BL, page 97

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from German Modell or French modèle, from Italian modello, from Latin modellus.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /mǒdel/
  • Hyphenation: mo‧del

Noun edit

mòdel m (Cyrillic spelling мо̀дел)

  1. model (clarification of this definition is needed)

Declension edit

References edit

  • model” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Turkish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French modèle.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /moˈdel/
  • Hyphenation: mo‧del

Noun edit

model (definite accusative modeli, plural modeller)

  1. model (clarification of this definition is needed)

Declension edit

Inflection
Nominative model
Definite accusative modeli
Singular Plural
Nominative model modeller
Definite accusative modeli modelleri
Dative modele modellere
Locative modelde modellerde
Ablative modelden modellerden
Genitive modelin modellerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular modelim modellerim
2nd singular modelin modellerin
3rd singular modeli modelleri
1st plural modelimiz modellerimiz
2nd plural modeliniz modelleriniz
3rd plural modelleri modelleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular modelimi modellerimi
2nd singular modelini modellerini
3rd singular modelini modellerini
1st plural modelimizi modellerimizi
2nd plural modelinizi modellerinizi
3rd plural modellerini modellerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular modelime modellerime
2nd singular modeline modellerine
3rd singular modeline modellerine
1st plural modelimize modellerimize
2nd plural modelinize modellerinize
3rd plural modellerine modellerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular modelimde modellerimde
2nd singular modelinde modellerinde
3rd singular modelinde modellerinde
1st plural modelimizde modellerimizde
2nd plural modelinizde modellerinizde
3rd plural modellerinde modellerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular modelimden modellerimden
2nd singular modelinden modellerinden
3rd singular modelinden modellerinden
1st plural modelimizden modellerimizden
2nd plural modelinizden modellerinizden
3rd plural modellerinden modellerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular modelimin modellerimin
2nd singular modelinin modellerinin
3rd singular modelinin modellerinin
1st plural modelimizin modellerimizin
2nd plural modelinizin modellerinizin
3rd plural modellerinin modellerinin
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular modelim modellerim
2nd singular modelsin modellersin
3rd singular model
modeldir
modeller
modellerdir
1st plural modeliz modelleriz
2nd plural modelsiniz modellersiniz
3rd plural modeller modellerdir

Welsh edit

Etymology edit

From English model, from Middle French modelle, from Old Italian modello.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

model m or f (plural modelau)

  1. model

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
model fodel unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading edit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “model”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies