See also: spéculation

English edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English speculacioun, speculation, from Old French speculation (compare French spéculation), from Late Latin speculātiō, speculātiōnem, from Latin speculor. Morphologically speculate +‎ -ion

Pronunciation edit

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˌspɛk.jəˈleɪ.ʃən/
  • Rhymes: -eɪʃən
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: spec‧u‧la‧tion

Noun edit

English Wikipedia has an article on:

speculation (countable and uncountable, plural speculations)

  1. (obsolete) The faculty of sight.
  2. (obsolete) An act of looking at something; examination, observation.
    • 1792, Charlotte Smith, Desmond, Broadview, published 2001, page 115:
      [T]he expression of exultation and content on their animated faces, is one of my most delicious speculations.
  3. The process or act of thinking or meditating on a subject.
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book IX”, in Paradise Lost. [], London: [] [Samuel Simmons], [], →OCLC; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, →OCLC:
      Thenceforth to speculations high or deep I turned my thoughts.
    • 1726 October 28, [Jonathan Swift], “The Humours and Dispositions of the Laputians Described. []”, in Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World. [], volume II, London: [] Benj[amin] Motte, [], →OCLC, part III (A Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Glubbdubdribb, Luggnagg, and Japan), pages 16–17:
      It ſeems, the Minds of theſe People are ſo taken up with intenſe Speculations, that they neither can ſpeak, nor attend to the Diſcourſes of others, without being rouzed by ſome external Taction upon the Organs of Speech and Hearing; for which reaſon, thoſe Perſons who are able to afford it always keep a Flapper (the Original is Climenole) in their Family, as one of their Domeſticks, nor ever walk abroad or make Viſits without him.
    • 2012 December 3, Caroline Davies, The Guardian[1]:
      The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge have ended months of intense speculation by announcing they are expecting their first child, but were forced to share their news earlier than hoped because of the Duchess's admission to hospital on Monday.
  4. (philosophy) The act or process of reasoning a priori from premises given or assumed.
  5. A conclusion to which the mind comes by speculating; mere theory; notion; conjecture.
  6. (business, finance) An investment involving higher-than-normal risk in order to obtain a higher-than-normal return.
  7. The act or practice of buying land, goods, shares, etc., in expectation of selling at a higher price, or of selling with the expectation of repurchasing at a lower price; a trading on anticipated fluctuations in price, as distinguished from trading in which the profit expected is the difference between the retail and wholesale prices, or the difference of price in different markets.
    • 1776, Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations:
      Sudden fortunes, indeed, are sometimes made in such places, by what is called the trade of speculation.
    • 1883, Francis Amasa Walker, Political Economy:
      Speculation, while confined within moderate limits, is the agent for equalizing supply and demand, and rendering the fluctuations of price less sudden and abrupt than they would otherwise be.
  8. A card game in which the players buy from one another trumps or whole hands, upon a chance of getting the highest trump dealt, which entitles the holder to the pool of stakes.
  9. (programming) The process of anticipating which branch of code will be chosen and executing it in advance.

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

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Anagrams edit