See also: spuldzē

Contents

LatvianEdit

 
Elektriskā spuldze
 
Dienasgaismas spuldze

EtymologyEdit

Coined in the 1930s, from the same stem as spulgs(bright) (q.v.; made into a feminine 5th-declension stem with the ending -e): Proto-Baltic *spelg-, *spilg-, *spulg-, from Proto-Indo-European *pel-, *spel-, *spʰel-(to shine) with an extra g.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

spuldze f (5th declension)

  1. light bulb, lamp (artificial light source based on the heating of a filament, or also of gas, vapors, inside a glass container)
    elektriskā spuldze‎ ― electric bulb
    neona spuldze‎ ― neon lamp, light
    sešdesmit vatu spuldze‎ ― sixty-watt light bulb
    dienasgaismas spuldze‎ ― fluorescent lamp
    dzīvsudraba spuldze‎ ― mercury lamp, light
    spuldze deg spoži‎ ― the light bulb is burning bright
    spuldzes spilgtums‎ ― the brightness of the light bulb
    Meitene pastiepa roku un iededza spuldzi‎ ― the girl stretched her arm and turned on the light
    Helga apsēdās un iededza galda lampu... spuldze bija vāja, abažūrs slāpēja gaismu‎ ― Helga sat down and turned on the table lamp on... the bulb was weak, the lampshade stifled the light

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “spuldze”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7