See also: Stipendium

Czech edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

stipendium n

  1. scholarship (study allowance)

Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • stipendium in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • stipendium in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish edit

Etymology edit

From Latin stipendium, from stips (alms, small payment) and pendere (pay, weigh).

Noun edit

stipendium n (singular definite stipendiet, plural indefinite stipendier)

  1. scholarship (study allowance)
  2. grant
  3. bursary

Inflection edit

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch stipendium, from Latin stipendium, from stips (alms, small payment) +‎ pendere (pay, weigh).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [sti.pɛnˈdi.ʊm]
  • Hyphenation: sti‧pèndium

Noun edit

stipèndium (first-person possessive stipendiumku, second-person possessive stipendiummu, third-person possessive stipendiumnya)

  1. (Catholicism) alms, allowance.

Further reading edit

Ladin edit

Noun edit

stipendium m (plural stipendiums)

  1. scholarship, bursary

Latin edit

Etymology edit

Haplologized from *stipipendium, from stips (alms, small payment) (from stipes) and pendere (pay, weigh).

Pronunciation edit

Generally thought to have a long vowel in the first syllable, despite the short /i/ in the base stips; one potential explanation of this is a change from */ipp/ to /iːp/. However, there is some uncertainty: most occurrences in meter are inconclusive (placing it in an anceps syllable, which was usually long but could be short) except for the case of stīpendium in Ennius, which Michiel de Vaan argues is an example of lengthening metri causa.[1]

Noun edit

stīpendium n (genitive stīpendiī or stīpendī); second declension

  1. tax, impost, tribute, contribution
    Synonyms: tribūtum, vectigal
    • c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 1.44:
      Si iterum experiri velint, se iterum paratum esse decertare; si pace uti velint, iniquum esse de stipendio recusare, quod sua voluntate ad id tempus pependerint.
      If they chose to make a second trial, he was ready to encounter them again; but if they chose to enjoy peace, it was unfair to refuse the tribute, which of their own free-will they had paid up to that time.
    • 239 BCE – 169 BCE, Ennius, Annales , (in Varronis de lingua latina 5.183):
      [...] Poenī stīpendia pendunt
    • c. 84 BCE – 54 BCE, Catullus, carmina 64.171–176:
      Jūpiter omnipotēns, utinam nē tempore primō
      Cnōsia Cecropiae tetigissent lītora puppēs,
      indomitō nec dīra ferēns stīpendia taurō
      perfidus intortum religāsset nāvita fūnem,
      nec malus haec cēlāns dulcī crūdēlia fōrmā
      cōnsilia in nostrīs requiēsset sēdibus hospes!
    • 1st century CE, anonymous, Lydia 9–15, (Appendix Vergiliana):
      ō fortūnātī nimium multumque beatī,
      in quibus illa pedis niveī vestīgia pōnet
      aut roseīs viridem digitīs dēcerpserit ūvam[...]
      aut inter variōs, Veneris stīpendia, flōrēs
      membra reclīnārit teneramque illīserit herbam
      et sēcrēta meōs fūrtim nārrābit amōrēs.
    • 27 BCE – 25 BCE, Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita 28.25.9:[1]
      in praesentia, ut coepisset, leniter agi placuit et missis circa stipendiarias civitates exactoribus stipendi spem propinquam facere.
  2. dues
  3. pay, stipend (military)
    Synonyms: mercēs, pretium, praemium, commodum
  4. military service
    facere stipendiato be a soldier/ to perform the military service
    • 86 BCEc. 35 BCE, Sallust, Bellum Jugurthinum 85.10, (“Oratio Marij”):[2]
      Bellum me gerere cum Iugurtha iußiſtis: quam rem nobilitas ægerrimè tulit. Quæſo, reputate cum animis ueſtris, num id mutari metari melius ſit, écquem ex illo globo nobilitatis ad hoc, aut aliud tale negotium mittatis hominem, ueteris proſapiæ, ac multarum imaginum, et nullius ſtipendij: ſcilicet ut in tanta re ignarus omnium trepidet, feſtinet, ſumat aliquem ex populo monitorem ſui officij.

Declension edit

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative stīpendium stīpendia
Genitive stīpendiī
stīpendī1
stīpendiōrum
Dative stīpendiō stīpendiīs
Accusative stīpendium stīpendia
Ablative stīpendiō stīpendiīs
Vocative stīpendium stīpendia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “stips”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 588

Further reading edit

  • stipendium”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • stipendium”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • stipendium in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • stipendium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[3], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to pay the troops: stipendium dare, numerare, persolvere militibus
    • to serve: stipendia facere, merere
    • after having completed one's service: emeritis stipendiis (Sall. Iug. 84. 2)
  • Dizionario Latino, Olivetti
  • stipendium”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • stipendium”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Noun edit

stipendium n (definite singular stipendiet, indefinite plural stipendier, definite plural stipendia or stipendiene)

  1. alternative form of stipend

Swedish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Noun edit

stipendium n

  1. a scholarship, a grant

Declension edit

Declension of stipendium 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative stipendium stipendiet stipendier stipendierna
Genitive stipendiums stipendiets stipendiers stipendiernas