See also: Tarsle

English edit

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Etymology edit

Borrowed from New Latin tarsus.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tarsus (plural tarsi)

  1. (anatomy, zootomy) The part between the main part of the hindlimb and the metatarsus in terrestrial vertebrates.
    1. (anatomy) A group of small bones in this part of the foot. The seven bones of the human tarsus form the ankle and upper part of the foot.
      Hyponyms: talus, calcaneus, navicular bone, cuboid bone, lateral cuneiform bone, intermediate cuneiform bone, medial cuneiform bone
    2. (zootomy) The shank or tarsometatarsus of the leg of a bird or reptile.
      • 2020, Tim Ecott, The Land of Maybe, Short Books, published 2021, page 99:
        On the ledge, the guillemots shuffle awkwardly about on their tarsi, the long bone connecting the ‘ankle’ to the feet.
    3. (zootomy) The true foot or the fifth joint of the leg of an insect or other arthropod, typically consisting of several small segments and ending in a claw.
  2. (anatomy) A plate of dense connective tissue found in each eyelid, attached to either the superior tarsal muscle (in the upper eyelid) or inferior tarsal muscle (lower eyelid), which aid with sympathetic control.

Derived terms edit

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Latin edit

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Wikipedia la

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek τᾰρσός (tarsós, the flat of the foot; the edge of the eyelid and its lashes). Has been compared with Armenian թառ (tʻaṙ, bar for drying grapes), Old High German darra (apparatus for drying fruits), Swedish tarre (frame for drying malts), suggesting a derivation from Proto-Indo-European *ters- (to dry). However, for phonetic reasons this is uncertain.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tarsus m (genitive tarsī); second declension (New Latin)

  1. (anatomy) The flat part of the foot.
  2. (anatomy) The edge of the eyelid.

Inflection edit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative tarsus tarsī
Genitive tarsī tarsōrum
Dative tarsō tarsīs
Accusative tarsum tarsōs
Ablative tarsō tarsīs
Vocative tarse tarsī

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • English: tarsus