From Middle English shanke, from Old English sceanca, from Proto-Germanic *skankô (compare West Frisian skonk, Low German Schanke, Dutch/German Schenkel 'shank, leg', Norwegian skank), from *skankaz (compare Old Norse skakkr 'wry, crooked'), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)keng (compare Middle Irish scingim 'I spring', Ancient Greek skázein 'to limp').
shank (plural shanks)
- The part of the leg between the knee and the ankle.
- His youthful hose, well saved, a world too wide / For his shrunk shank.
- Meat from that part of an animal.
- A straight, narrow part of an object, such as a key or an anchor; shaft; stem.
- The handle of a pair of shears, connecting the ride to the neck.
- The center part of a fishhook between the eye and the hook, the 'hook' being the curved part that bends toward the point.
- A protruding part of an object, by which it is or can be attached.
- The metal part on a curb bit that falls below the mouthpiece, which length controls the severity of the leverage action of the bit, and to which the reins of the bridle are attached.
- (sports) A poorly played golf shot in which the ball is struck by the part of the club head that connects to the shaft.
- (slang) An improvised stabbing weapon; a shiv.
- Any of several species of Old World wading bird in the genus Tringa that are primarily distinguished by their brightly colored legs.
- A loop forming an eye to a button.
- (architecture) The space between two channels of the Doric triglyph.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Gwilt to this entry?)
- (metalworking) A large ladle for molten metal, fitted with long bars for handling it.
- (printing, dated) The body of a type; between the shoulder and the foot.
- (shoemaking) The part of the sole beneath the instep connecting the broader front part with the heel.
- Flat-nosed pliers, used by opticians for nipping off the edges of pieces of glass to make them round.
- The end or remainder, particularly of a period of time.
- The main part or beginning of a period of time.
- the shank of the morning
- (archaic, Ulster) To travel on foot.
- (slang) To stab, especially with an improvised blade.
- (slang) To remove another's trousers, especially in jest; to depants.
- (transitive, chiefly golf, soccer) To hit or kick the ball in an unintended direction.
2011 September 28, Tom Rostance, “Arsenal 2 - 1 Olympiakos”, in BBC Sport:
- Marouane Chamakh then spurned a great chance to kill the game off when he ran onto Andrey Arshavin's lofted through ball but shanked his shot horribly across the face of goal.
- (intransitive) To fall off, as a leaf, flower, or capsule, on account of disease affecting the supporting footstalk; usually followed by off.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Darwin to this entry?)