English edit

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Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English bruisen, brusen, brosen, brisen, bresen, from a merger two words, both ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrews- (to break):

Cognate with Scots brizz, German brausen (to roar; boom; pound), Old English brosnian (to crumble, fall apart), Dutch broos (brittle), German Brosame (crumb), dialectal Norwegian brøysk (breakable), Latin frustum (bit, scrap), Old Church Slavonic бръснути (brŭsnuti, to rake), Albanian breshër (hail).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

bruise (third-person singular simple present bruises, present participle bruising, simple past and past participle bruised)

  1. (transitive) To strike (a person), originally with something flat or heavy, but now specifically in such a way as to discolour the skin without breaking it.
  2. (transitive) To damage the skin of (fruit or vegetables), in an analogous way.
  3. (intransitive) Of fruit or vegetables, to gain bruises through being handled roughly.
    Bananas bruise easily.
  4. (intransitive) To become bruised.
    I bruise easily.
  5. (intransitive) To fight with the fists; to box.
  6. (transitive, figurative) To harm or injure.
    Her thoughtless remarks bruised my ego.
  7. (transitive) To impair (gin) by shaking rather than stirring.

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

A bruise (def. 1) caused by a handrail
A bruise (def. 2) on a quince

Noun edit

bruise (plural bruises)

  1. A purplish mark on the skin due to leakage of blood from capillaries under the surface that have been damaged by a blow.
  2. A dark mark on fruit or vegetables caused by a blow to the surface.

Synonyms edit

Hypernyms edit

Hyponyms edit

Translations edit

Anagrams edit

Dutch edit

Verb edit


  1. (dated or formal) singular present subjunctive of bruisen

Irish edit

Noun edit

bruise f sg

  1. genitive singular of bruis (brush; pubic hair)

Mutation edit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bruise bhruise mbruise
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit