From Middle English cruschen (“to crush, smash, squeeze, squash”), from Old French croissir (“to crush”), from Late Latin *cruscio (“to brush”), from Frankish *krostjan (“to crush, squeeze, squash”). Akin to Gothic 𐌺𐍂𐌹𐌿𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌽 (kriustan, “to gnash”), Old Swedish krusa (“to crush”), Middle Low German krossen (“to break”), Swedish krysta (“to squeeze”), Danish kryste (“to squash”), Icelandic kreista (“to squeeze, squash”), Faroese kroysta (“to squeeze”).
crush (countable and uncountable, plural crushes)
- A violent collision or compression; a crash; destruction; ruin.
1921, Alexis Thomson and Alexander Miles, Manual of Surgery:
The more highly the injured part is endowed with sensory nerves the more marked is the shock; a crush of the hand, for example, is attended with a more intense degree of shock than a correspondingly severe crush of the foot
- Violent pressure, as of a moving crowd.
- A crowd that produces uncomfortable pressure.
- a crush at a reception
- A violent crowding.
- A crowd control barrier.
- A drink made by squeezing the juice out of fruit.
1958, Anthony Burgess, The Enemy in the Blanket (The Malayan Trilogy), published 1972, page 292:
"Look," said Crabbe, warm orange crush in his hand.
- (informal) An infatuation with somebody one is not dating.
- I've had a huge crush on her since we met many years ago.
- 2019, Emma Lea, A Royal Enticement
- And I needed to get my schoolgirl crush under control. There was no way Brín felt anything anywhere near what I felt for him. He saw me as a friend.
- (informal, by extension) The human object of such infatuation or affection.
- 2004, Chris Wallace, Character: Profiles in Presidential Courage
- It had taken nine years from the evening that Truman first showed up with a pie plate at her mother's door, but his dogged perseverance eventually won him the hand of his boyhood Sunday school crush.
- A standing stock or cage with movable sides used to restrain livestock for safe handling.
- (dated) A party or festive function.
- (Australia) The process of crushing cane to remove the raw sugar, or the season when this process takes place.
- (television, uncountable) The situation where certain colors are so similar as to be hard to distinguish, either as a deliberate effect or as a limitation of a display.
- black crush; white crush
- (uncountable, sexuality) A paraphilia involving arousal from seeing things destroyed by crushing.
- 2000, Katharine Gates, Deviant Desires: Incredibly Strange Sex (page 137)
- Just as they say that marijuana leads to harder drugs, Gallegly is claiming that crush is a “gateway fetish”—a term I've never heard before. He claims that if someone starts with bugs they'll end up escalating to human babies in no time.
violent collision or compression; crash; destruction; ruin
violent pressure, as of a crowd
crowd which produces uncomfortable pressure
love or infatuation or its object (often short-lived or unrequited)
- Bulgarian: увлечение (bg) n (uvlečenie)
- Mandarin: 迷上 (zh) (míshàng), 迷戀 (zh), 迷恋 (zh) (míliàn), 迷住 (zh) (mízhù), 愛上 (zh), 爱上 (zh) (àishàng), 動心 (zh), 动心 (zh) (dòngxīn), 暗戀 (zh), 暗恋 (zh) (ànliàn), 喜歡 (zh), 喜欢 (zh) (xǐhuān)
- Danish: forelskelse (da) c
- Dutch: bevlieging (nl) f
- Finnish: ihastus (fi)
- French: béguin (fr) m, amourette (fr) f, faible (fr) m, coup de cœur (fr), (Quebec) kick (fr)
- German: Schwarm (de) m
- Hebrew: הידלקות f (hidalqut)
- Italian: cotta (it) f
standing stock or cage used to restrain livestock for safe handling
process of crushing cane, or its season
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
crush (third-person singular simple present crushes, present participle crushing, simple past and past participle crushed)
- To press between two hard objects; to squeeze so as to alter the natural shape or integrity of it, or to force together into a mass.
- to crush grapes
- 1769, Benjamin Blayney, King James Bible : Leviticus 22:24
- Ye shall not offer unto the Lord that which is bruised, or crushed, or broken, or cut
- To reduce to fine particles by pounding or grinding
- Synonym: comminute
- to crush quartz
- 1912, Edgar Rice Burroughs, Tarzan of the Apes, Chapter 1
- With a wild scream he was upon her, tearing a great piece from her side with his mighty teeth, and striking her viciously upon her head and shoulders with a broken tree limb until her skull was crushed to a jelly.
- (figuratively) To overwhelm by pressure or weight.
2011 November 11, Rory Houston, “Estonia 0-4 Republic of Ireland”, in RTE Sport:
A stunning performance from the Republic of Ireland all but sealed progress to Euro 2012 as they crushed nine-man Estonia 4-0 in the first leg of the qualifying play-off tie in A Le Coq Arena in Tallinn.
- After the corruption scandal, the opposition crushed the ruling party in the elections
- (figuratively, colloquial) To do impressively well at (sports events; performances; interviews; etc.).
- They had a gig recently at Madison Square—totally crushed it!
- To oppress or grievously burden.
- To overcome completely; to subdue totally.
- The sultan's black guard crushed every resistance bloodily.
1814, Sir Walter Scott, Waverley:
the prospect of the Duke's speedily overtaking and crushing the rebels
- (intransitive) To be or become broken down or in, or pressed into a smaller compass, by external weight or force
- an eggshell crushes easily
- (intransitive) To feel infatuation or unrequited love.
- She's crushing on him.
2011, May'lon Miranda, Love Is Blind, →ISBN, page 58:
... I could just let loose and be myself no holding back you know we just where to young kids in love, lust, crushing whatever you wanted to call it but we where living it up having fun when we where together the rest of the world didn't exist ...
2013, Sarra Manning, Diary of a Crush: Kiss and Make Up, →ISBN:
And the one subject that I get an A plus in every time, is the ancient art of crushing. I crush, therefore I am. I've decided to share the benefit of my wisdom and after months of hopelessly lusting after Dylan, I've REALISED that there are twelve degrees of crushing from the slightly embarrassing things most girls will do to catch the eye of the heir to their heart, to the verging on ridiculous stunts you pull when you're in the grip of a passion that renders you powerless.
2013, Shozan Jack Haubner, Zen Confidential: Confessions of a Wayward Monk, →ISBN, page 130:
"I respect your wiring," he explained, "but I'm crushing on you. And when I crush, I crush hard.” He thought it would be better if we stopped seeing each other for a while.
- (film, television) To give a compressed or foreshortened appearance to.
- 2003, Michel Chion, The Films of Jacques Tati (page 78)
- He frames his subject in distant close-ups (we feel the distance, due mostly to the crushed perspective brought about by the telephoto lens).
- 2010, Birgit Bräuchler, John Postill, Theorising Media and Practice (page 319)
- They realise that trajectories, space expansion and crushing are different with different lenses, whether wide angle or telephoto, and that actors' eyelines will be altered.
- (transitive, television) To make certain colors so similar as to be hard to distinguish, either as a deliberate effect or as a limitation of a display.
- My old TV set crushes the blacks when the brightness is lowered.
to press or bruise between two hard bodies
- Armenian: please add this translation if you can
- Basque: please add this translation if you can
- Belarusian: ці́снуць impf (císnucʹ)
- Bulgarian: смачквам (bg) (smačkvam)
- Catalan: aixafar (ca), xafar (ca), esclafar (ca)
- Mandarin: 挤压 (zh) (jǐyā), 挤 (zh) (jǐ)
- Czech: drtit (cs)
- Danish: sammenpresse
- Dutch: verpletteren (nl), pletten (nl)
- Esperanto: premegi (eo), frakasi (eo)
- Finnish: murskata (fi), musertaa, rusentaa (fi), liiskata
- French: écraser (fr), écrabouiller (fr) (slang)
- Galician: esmagar, pisar (gl)
- Greek: συνθλίβω (el) (synthlívo), συντρίβω (el) (syntrívo), λιώνω (el) (lióno)
- Ancient: συντρίβω (suntríbō)
- Italian: schiacciare (it), pigiare (it)
- Japanese: 砕く (ja) (くだく, kudaku)
- Khmer: គ្រញិច (km) (krɔɲɨc)
- Korean: 누르다 (ko) (nureuda)
- Maori: whēke, korotē, kotē
- Mongolian: please add this translation if you can
- Norman: êcraser
- Norwegian: sammenpresse
- Polish: miażdżyć (pl) impf, zmiażdżyć (pl) pf, kruszyć (pl) impf, skruszyć pf, rozgniatać impf, rozgnieść pf
- Portuguese: amassar (pt)
- Romanian: strivi (ro)
- Russian: дави́ть (ru) (davítʹ)
- Scots: champ, pran
- Scottish Gaelic: pronn
- Spanish: aplastar (es), destripar (es)
- Swedish: krossa (sv)
- Thai: บด (th) (bòt), ขยี้ (th) (kà-yîi)
- Ukrainian: дави́ти impf (davýty)
- Vietnamese: đè (vi), ép (vi)
- Walloon: spotchî (wa)
- Westrobothnian: knosa
to reduce to fine particles by pounding or grinding
- Armenian: փշրել (hy) (pʿšrel)
- Azerbaijani: əzmək (az), ovmaq, doğramaq (az)
- Basque: please add this translation if you can
- Bulgarian: раздробявам (bg) (razdrobjavam)
- Mandarin: 碾碎 (zh) (niǎnsuì), 压碎 (zh) (yāsuì)
- Czech: drtit (cs)
- Danish: finknuse
- Dutch: vermalen (nl), vergruizelen
- Esperanto: mueli, pisti (eo), dispremi (eo)
- Ewe: to, tu
- Finnish: jauhaa (fi), murskata (fi), hienontaa (fi)
- French: concasser (fr), broyer (fr)
- Galician: pisar (gl), picar (gl), machucar (gl)
- German: zerdrücken (de)
- Gothic: 𐌳𐌹𐍃𐍅𐌹𐌽𐌸𐌾𐌰𐌽 (diswinþjan)
- Greek: συνθλίβω (el) (synthlívo), συντρίβω (el) (syntrívo)
- Italian: frantumare (it)
to overwhelm by pressure or weight
to oppress or burden grievously
to be or become broken down or in