From Middle English cruschen (“to crush, smash, squeeze, squash”), from Old French croissir (“to crush”), from Late Latin *cruscio (“to brush”), from Frankish *krostjan (“to crush, squeeze, squash”). Akin to Gothic 𐌺𐍂𐌿𐌹𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌽 (kruistan, “to gnash”), Old Swedish krusa (“to crush”), Middle Low German krossen (“to break”), Swedish krysta (“to squeeze”), Danish kryste (“to squash”), Icelandic kreista (“to squeeze, squash”), Faroese kroysta (“to squeeze”).
crush (plural crushes)
- A violent collision or compression; a crash; destruction; ruin.
- 1921, Alexis Thomson and Alexander Miles, Manual of Surgery
- The more highly the injured part is endowed with sensory nerves the more marked is the shock; a crush of the hand, for example, is attended with a more intense degree of shock than a correspondingly severe crush of the foot
- Violent pressure, as of a moving crowd.
- A crowd that produces uncomfortable pressure.
- a crush at a reception
- A violent crowding.
- A crowd control barrier.
- An infatuation or affection for someone.
- I've had a huge crush on her since we met many years ago.
- The human object of such infatuation or affection.
- 2004, Chris Wallace, Character: Profiles in Presidential Courage
- It had taken nine years from the evening that Truman first showed up with a pie plate at her mother's door, but his dogged perseverance eventually won him the hand of his boyhood Sunday school crush.
- A standing stock or cage with movable sides used to restrain livestock for safe handling.
- (dated) A party or festive function.
- (Australia) The process of crushing cane to remove the raw sugar, or the season that this process takes place in.
violent collision or compression; crash; destruction; ruin
violent pressure, as of a crowd
crowd which produces uncomfortable pressure
love or infatuation or its object (often short-lived or unrequited)
- Bulgarian: увлечение (bg) n (uvlečenie)
- Mandarin: 迷上 (zh) (míshàng), 迷戀 (zh), 迷恋 (zh) (míliàn), 迷住 (zh) (mízhù), 愛上 (zh), 爱上 (zh) (àishàng), 動心 (zh), 动心 (zh) (dòngxīn), 暗戀 (zh), 暗恋 (zh) (ànliàn), 喜歡 (zh), 喜欢 (zh) (xǐhuān)
- Dutch: bevlieging (nl) f
- Finnish: ihastus (fi)
- French: béguin (fr) m, amourette (fr) f, faible (fr) m
- German: Schwarm (de) m
- Hebrew: הידלקות f (hidalqut)
- Italian: cotta (it) f
standing stock or cage used to restrain livestock for safe handling
process of crushing cane, or its season
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
crush (third-person singular simple present crushes, present participle crushing, simple past and past participle crushed)
- To press between two hard objects; to squeeze so as to alter the natural shape or integrity of it, or to force together into a mass.
- to crush grapes
- 1769, Benjamin Blayney, King James Bible : Leviticus 22:24
- Ye shall not offer unto the LORD that which is bruised, or crushed, or broken, or cut
- To reduce to fine particles by pounding or grinding
- Synonym: comminute
- to crush quartz
- 1912, Edgar Rice Burroughs, Tarzan of the Apes, Chapter 1
- With a wild scream he was upon her, tearing a great piece from her side with his mighty teeth, and striking her viciously upon her head and shoulders with a broken tree limb until her skull was crushed to a jelly.
- (figuratively) To overwhelm by pressure or weight.
2011 November 11, Rory Houston, “Estonia 0-4 Republic of Ireland”, in RTE Sport:
- A stunning performance from the Republic of Ireland all but sealed progress to Euro 2012 as they crushed nine-man Estonia 4-0 in the first leg of the qualifying play-off tie in A Le Coq Arena in Tallinn.
- After the corruption scandal, the opposition crushed the ruling party in the elections
- To oppress or grievously burden.
- To overcome completely; to subdue totally.
- The sultan's black guard crushed every resistance bloodily.
- 1814, Sir Walter Scott, Waverley
- the prospect of the Duke's speedily overtaking and crushing the rebels
- (intransitive) To be or become broken down or in, or pressed into a smaller compass, by external weight or force
- an eggshell crushes easily
- To feel infatuation with or unrequited love for.
- She's crushing on him.
to press or bruise between two hard bodies
- Armenian: please add this translation if you can
- Basque: please add this translation if you can
- Belarusian: ці́снуць impf (císnucʹ)
- Bulgarian: смачквам (bg) (smačkvam)
- Catalan: aixafar (ca)
- Mandarin: 挤压 (zh) (jǐyā), 挤 (zh) (jǐ)
- Czech: drtit (cs)
- Dutch: verpletteren (nl), pletten (nl)
- Esperanto: please add this translation if you can
- Finnish: murskata (fi), musertaa, rusentaa, liiskata
- French: écraser (fr), écrabouiller (fr) (slang)
- Greek: συνθλίβω (el) (synthlívo), συντρίβω (el) (syntrívo), λιώνω (el) (lióno)
- Italian: schiacciare (it), pigiare (it)
- Japanese: 砕く (ja) (くだく, kudaku)
- Khmer: គ្រញិច (km) (krɔɲɨc)
- Korean: 누르다 (ko) (nureuda)
- Maori: whēke, korotē, kotē
- Mongolian: please add this translation if you can
- Norman: êcraser
- Norwegian: sammenpresse
- Polish: miażdżyć (pl) impf, zmiażdżyć (pl) pf, kruszyć (pl) impf, skruszyć (pl) pf, rozgniatać impf, rozgnieść (pl) pf
- Portuguese: amassar (pt)
- Romanian: strivi (ro)
- Russian: дави́ть (ru) (davítʹ)
- Scots: champ, pran
- Scottish Gaelic: pronn
- Spanish: aplastar (es), destripar (es)
- Swedish: krossa (sv)
- Thai: บด (th) (bòt), ขยี้ (th) (kà-yîi)
- Ukrainian: дави́ти impf (davýty)
- Vietnamese: đè (vi), ép (vi)
- Walloon: spotchî (wa)
- Westrobothnian: knosa
to reduce to fine particles by pounding or grinding
to overwhelm by pressure or weight
to oppress or burden grievously
to be or become broken down or in