Last modified on 26 April 2015, at 15:52

vakar

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

vak +‎ -ar

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈvɒkɒr/
  • Hyphenation: va‧kar

VerbEdit

vakar

  1. scratch

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

(With verbal prefixes):


LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably the adverbial form of an earlier (unattested) adjective, of which vakars (night) is the nominal form. The original meaning was probably “the previous night,” whence later “yesterday;” compare Russian вечер (véčer, evening), вчера (včerá, yesterday).[1]

Probably a loanword from Swedish, see: vakar (stays awake) (Icelandic vakir (stays awake)). See the Swedish Bible text in Psalm 121:2-4:

"Hjälpen kommer från Herren, som har gjort himmel och jord. Han låter inte din fot slinta, han vakar ständigt över dina steg. Han sover aldrig, han vakar ständigt, han som beskyddar Israel."

PronunciationEdit

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AdverbEdit

vakar

  1. yesterday (in the day before today)
    vakar bija slikts laiksyesterday the weather was bad
    vakar no rītayesterday morning
    vakar vakarāyesterday evening
    “jaunkundze vakar vēlu pārnāca mājās?” “jā, aizgājām no kluba pie Ralfa spēlēt pokeru” — “milady came back late yesterday?” “yes, I went from the club to Ralph's (place) to play poker”
  2. yesterday (in the, usually recent, past)
    funkcionāri šodien ir vienkāršāki, demokrātiskāki nekā vakar — (public) officials are simpler, more democratic today than yesterday

Usage notesEdit

Vakars is a noun, means “evening” (locative form vakarā “in the evening,” used also as a temporal adverb) while historically related vakar is an adverb, meaning “yesterday” (its nominal counterpart is vakardiena “(the day of) yesterday”).

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “vakars” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7

LithuanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From vakaras. Compare Russian вечер (večer) and вчера (včera).

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

vãkar (not comparable)

  1. yesterday
    Vakar kur buvai?
    Where were you yesterday?

Derived termsEdit


SwedishEdit

NounEdit

vakar

  1. indefinite plural of vak

VerbEdit

vakar

  1. present tense of vaka.