Hungarian

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Etymology

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Perhaps from a bound root of unknown origin + -r (obsolete frequentative suffix).[1]

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈvɒkɒr]
  • Hyphenation: va‧kar
  • Rhymes: -ɒr

Verb

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vakar

  1. (transitive) to scratch

Conjugation

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Derived terms

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(With verbal prefixes):

References

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  1. ^ vakar in Gerstner, Károly (ed.). Új magyar etimológiai szótár. (’New Etymological Dictionary of Hungarian’). Beta version. Budapest, MTA Nyelvtudományi Intézet / Magyar Nyelvtudományi Kutatóközpont, 2011–2022. (Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary). Language abbreviations

Further reading

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  • vakar in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Latgalian

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Etymology

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Cognate with Latvian vakar and Lithuanian vakar.

Related to vokors (night), with the original meaning being similar to "the previous night".

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈvakàr]
  • Hyphenation: va‧kar

Adverb

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vakar

  1. yesterday

Derived terms

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References

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  • Nicole Nau (2011) A short grammar of Latgalian, München: LINCOM GmbH, →ISBN, page 112

Latvian

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Etymology

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Probably the adverbial form of an earlier (unattested) adjective, of which vakars (night) is the nominal form. The original meaning was probably “the previous night”, whence later “yesterday”; compare Russian ве́чер (véčer, evening), вчера́ (včerá, yesterday).[1]

Pronunciation

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Adverb

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vakar

  1. yesterday (in the day before today)
    vakar bija slikts laiksyesterday the weather was bad
    vakar no rītayesterday morning
    vakar vakarāyesterday evening
    “jaunkundze vakar vēlu pārnāca mājās?” “jā, aizgājām no kluba pie Ralfa spēlēt pokeru”“milady came back late yesterday?” “yes, I went from the club to Ralph's (place) to play poker”
  2. yesterday (in the, usually recent, past)
    funkcionāri šodien ir vienkāršāki, demokrātiskāki nekā vakar(public) officials are simpler, more democratic today than yesterday

Usage notes

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Vakars as a noun, means “evening” (locative form vakarā “in the evening”, used also as a temporal adverb) while historically related vakar is an adverb, meaning “yesterday” (its nominal counterpart is vakardiena “(the day of) yesterday”).

Antonyms

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Derived terms

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References

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  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992) “vakars”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Lithuanian

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Etymology

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From vakaras. Compare Russian вечер (večer) and вчера (včera).

Pronunciation

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Adverb

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vãkar (not comparable)

  1. yesterday
    Vakar kur buvai?
    Where were you yesterday?

Derived terms

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See also

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Dates relative to today in Lithuanian (layout · text)
–3 –2 –1 0 +1 +2 +3
direct speech three days ago two days ago yesterday today tomorrow in two days in three days
užužvakar užvakar vakar šiandien rytoj poryt užporyt
reported speech three days before, three days earlier two days before, two days earlier the day before on that day the next day two days later three days later
[Term?] [Term?] [Term?] [Term?] [Term?] [Term?] [Term?]

Further reading

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Swedish

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Noun

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vakar

  1. indefinite plural of vak

Verb

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vakar

  1. present indicative of vaka