LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From vestis (clothes, apparel).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

vestiō (present infinitive vestīre, perfect active vestīvī or vestiī, supine vestītum); fourth conjugation

  1. I clothe, dress.
  2. I adorn, attire, deck.
  3. (of vegetation) I cover, blanket.
  4. (figuratively) I make emperor (i.e. clothe in imperial purple).

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of vestiō (fourth conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present vestiō vestīs vestit vestīmus vestītis vestiunt
imperfect vestiēbam vestiēbās vestiēbat vestiēbāmus vestiēbātis vestiēbant
future vestiam vestiēs vestiet vestiēmus vestiētis vestient
perfect vestīvī,
vestiī
vestīvistī,
vestiistī
vestīvit,
vestiit
vestīvimus,
vestiimus
vestīvistis,
vestiistis
vestīvērunt,
vestīvēre,
vestiērunt,
vestiēre
pluperfect vestīveram,
vestieram
vestīverās,
vestierās
vestīverat,
vestierat
vestīverāmus,
vestierāmus
vestīverātis,
vestierātis
vestīverant,
vestierant
future perfect vestīverō,
vestierō
vestīveris,
vestieris
vestīverit,
vestierit
vestīverimus,
vestierimus
vestīveritis,
vestieritis
vestīverint,
vestierint
passive present vestior vestīris,
vestīre
vestītur vestīmur vestīminī vestiuntur
imperfect vestiēbar vestiēbāris,
vestiēbāre
vestiēbātur vestiēbāmur vestiēbāminī vestiēbantur
future vestiar vestiēris,
vestiēre
vestiētur vestiēmur vestiēminī vestientur
perfect vestītus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect vestītus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect vestītus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present vestiam vestiās vestiat vestiāmus vestiātis vestiant
imperfect vestīrem vestīrēs vestīret vestīrēmus vestīrētis vestīrent
perfect vestīverim,
vestierim
vestīverīs,
vestierīs
vestīverit,
vestierit
vestīverīmus,
vestierīmus
vestīverītis,
vestierītis
vestīverint,
vestierint
pluperfect vestīvissem,
vestiissem
vestīvissēs,
vestiissēs
vestīvisset,
vestiisset
vestīvissēmus,
vestiissēmus
vestīvissētis,
vestiissētis
vestīvissent,
vestiissent
passive present vestiar vestiāris,
vestiāre
vestiātur vestiāmur vestiāminī vestiantur
imperfect vestīrer vestīrēris,
vestīrēre
vestīrētur vestīrēmur vestīrēminī vestīrentur
perfect vestītus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect vestītus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present vestī vestīte
future vestītō vestītō vestītōte vestiuntō
passive present vestīre vestīminī
future vestītor vestītor vestiuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives vestīre vestīvisse,
vestiisse
vestītūrum esse vestīrī,
vestīrier1
vestītum esse vestītum īrī
participles vestiēns vestītūrus vestītus vestiendus,
vestiundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
vestiendī vestiendō vestiendum vestiendō vestītum vestītū

1The present passive infinitive in -ier is a rare poetic form which is attested.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • vestio”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vestio”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vestio in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • vestio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to go into mourning: vestem mutare (opp. ad vestitum suum redire) (Planc. 12. 29)
    • (ambiguous) drapery: vestis stragula or simply vestis