See also: Gero

BasqueEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɡeɾo/, [ɡe̞.ɾo̞]

AdverbEdit

gero (comparative geroago, superlative geroen, excessive geroegi)

  1. later

NounEdit

gero inan

  1. future
  2. (grammar) future tense

DeclensionEdit

Declension of gero (inanimate, ending in vowel)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive gero geroa geroak
ergative gerok geroak geroek
dative gerori geroari geroei
genitive geroren geroaren geroen
comitative gerorekin geroarekin geroekin
causative gerorengatik geroarengatik geroengatik
benefactive gerorentzat geroarentzat geroentzat
instrumental geroz geroaz geroez
inessive gerotan geroan geroetan
locative gerotako geroko geroetako
allative gerotara gerora geroetara
terminative gerotaraino geroraino geroetaraino
directive gerotarantz gerorantz geroetarantz
destinative gerotarako gerorako geroetarako
ablative gerotatik gerotik geroetatik
partitive gerorik
prolative gerotzat

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

gero

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ゲロ

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *gezō and cognate with Faliscan 𐌊𐌄𐌔𐌄𐌕 (keset). According to De Vaan,[1] from a post-PIE *h₂ǵ-es-, an extension of the Proto-Indo-European root *h₂eǵ- (from which agō); compare Proto-Germanic *kas- (to bring up; throw).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

gerō (present infinitive gerere, perfect active gessī, supine gestum); third conjugation

  1. I carry, bear
    Synonyms: ferō, portō, vehō, traho, effero
    partum gerereto be pregnant (lit., to be carrying an offspring/fetus/embryo/one's young)
    uterum gerereto be pregnant (lit., to be bearing the womb)
  2. I manage, conduct (e.g., one's affairs)
    Synonyms: moderor, regō, prōcūrō, dispēnsō
  3. I rule, govern
    Synonyms: dominor, imperō, magistrō, imperitō, rēgnō, regō, moderor, ōrdinō
  4. I wear (i.e. have on clothing)
  5. I have or possess (of traits)
    Synonyms: habeo, teneo
  6. I perform, accomplish
    Synonyms: perficiō, dēfungor, cōnficiō, agō, cumulō, conclūdō, condō, peragō, absolvō, inclūdō, claudō, expleō, fungor, efficiō, nāvō, patrō, exsequor, perpetrō, trānsigō, exhauriō
  7. I exhibit, display, reveal
    Synonyms: praebeō, ostendō, ostentō, expōnō, acclārō, prōdō, indicō, profiteor, vulgō, praestō, coarguō, fateor
  8. I carry on or out, wage
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 5.59:
      ‘Mārtis opus iuvenēs animōsaque bella gerēbant [...].’
      ‘‘Young men were carrying out the work of Mars and courageous wars [...].’’
      (The voice is that of the muse Urania.)
    Bellum gerereto wage war
    Bellum gerant aliī.Let others wage war.
  9. (reflexive) I behave, conduct, comport

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of gerō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present gerō geris gerit gerimus geritis gerunt
imperfect gerēbam gerēbās gerēbat gerēbāmus gerēbātis gerēbant
future geram gerēs geret gerēmus gerētis gerent
perfect gessī gessistī gessit gessimus gessistis gessērunt,
gessēre
pluperfect gesseram gesserās gesserat gesserāmus gesserātis gesserant
future perfect gesserō gesseris gesserit gesserimus gesseritis gesserint
passive present geror gereris,
gerere
geritur gerimur geriminī geruntur
imperfect gerēbar gerēbāris,
gerēbāre
gerēbātur gerēbāmur gerēbāminī gerēbantur
future gerar gerēris,
gerēre
gerētur gerēmur gerēminī gerentur
perfect gestus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect gestus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect gestus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present geram gerās gerat gerāmus gerātis gerant
imperfect gererem gererēs gereret gererēmus gererētis gererent
perfect gesserim gesserīs gesserit gesserīmus gesserītis gesserint
pluperfect gessissem gessissēs gessisset gessissēmus gessissētis gessissent
passive present gerar gerāris,
gerāre
gerātur gerāmur gerāminī gerantur
imperfect gererer gererēris,
gererēre
gererētur gererēmur gererēminī gererentur
perfect gestus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect gestus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present gere gerite
future geritō geritō geritōte geruntō
passive present gerere geriminī
future geritor geritor geruntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives gerere gessisse gestūrum esse gerī gestum esse gestum īrī
participles gerēns gestūrus gestus gerendus,
gerundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
gerendī gerendō gerendum gerendō gestum gestū

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • French: gérer
  • Portuguese: gerir
  • Spanish: gerer
  • Vulgar Latin: *gestire

ReferencesEdit

  • gero”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gero”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gero in Enrico Olivetti, editor (2003-2022) Dizionario Latino, Olivetti Media Communication
  • gero in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • gero in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to comply with a person's wishes; to humour: alicui morem gerere, obsequi
    • to accomodate oneself to another's wishes: alicuius voluntati morem gerere
    • to be at enmity with a man: inimicitias gerere, habere, exercere cum aliquo
    • to be occupied with business, busy: negotia agere, gerere
    • to give oneself airs: elatius se gerere
    • to display a proud obstinacy: contumacius se gerere
    • after having duly taken the auspices: auspicato (rem gerere, urbem condere)
    • to manage one's affairs, household, property well or ill: rem bene (male) gerere (vid. sect. XVI. 10a)
    • to govern, administer the state: rem publicam gerere, administrare, regere, tractare, gubernare
    • to be neutral: medium se gerere
    • to perform official duties: munus administrare, gerere
    • to be dictator: dictaturam gerere
    • to perform the censors' duties: censuram agere, gerere
    • to perform heroic exploits: magnas res gerere
    • to make war on a person: bellum gerere cum aliquo
    • to win, lose a fight (of the commander): rem (bene, male) gerere (vid. sect. XII. 2, note rem gerere...)
    • to fight with swords at close quarters: gladio comminus (opp. eminus) rem gerere
    • to throw down the javelins (pila) and fight with the sword: omissis pilis gladiis rem gerere
    • swords must now decide the day: res gladiis geri coepta est
    • (ambiguous) to gesticulate: gestum (always in the sing.) agere
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN

Old DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *gerô.

NounEdit

gero m

  1. lust, desire

InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • gero”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

PortugueseEdit

VerbEdit

gero

  1. first-person singular present indicative of gerar

VenetianEdit

VerbEdit

gero

  1. first-person singular imperfect indicative of èser