Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Frankish *wardōn (to guard, protect).

Supposedly attested in the seventh century in the form guardāre, but this has yet to be confirmed.[1] The earliest certain attestation appears to be the prefixed rewardant in the Reichenau Glossary.

Verb edit

wardō (present infinitive wardāre, perfect active wardāvī, supine wardātum); first conjugation (Early Medieval Latin)

  1. to herd (cattle)
  2. to guard

Conjugation edit

   Conjugation of wardō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present wardō wardās wardat wardāmus wardātis wardant
imperfect wardābam wardābās wardābat wardābāmus wardābātis wardābant
future wardābō wardābis wardābit wardābimus wardābitis wardābunt
perfect wardāvī wardāvistī wardāvit wardāvimus wardāvistis wardāvērunt,
pluperfect wardāveram wardāverās wardāverat wardāverāmus wardāverātis wardāverant
future perfect wardāverō wardāveris wardāverit wardāverimus wardāveritis wardāverint
passive present wardor wardāris,
wardātur wardāmur wardāminī wardantur
imperfect wardābar wardābāris,
wardābātur wardābāmur wardābāminī wardābantur
future wardābor wardāberis,
wardābitur wardābimur wardābiminī wardābuntur
perfect wardātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect wardātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect wardātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present wardem wardēs wardet wardēmus wardētis wardent
imperfect wardārem wardārēs wardāret wardārēmus wardārētis wardārent
perfect wardāverim wardāverīs wardāverit wardāverīmus wardāverītis wardāverint
pluperfect wardāvissem wardāvissēs wardāvisset wardāvissēmus wardāvissētis wardāvissent
passive present warder wardēris,
wardētur wardēmur wardēminī wardentur
imperfect wardārer wardārēris,
wardārētur wardārēmur wardārēminī wardārentur
perfect wardātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect wardātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present wardā wardāte
future wardātō wardātō wardātōte wardantō
passive present wardāre wardāminī
future wardātor wardātor wardantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives wardāre wardāvisse wardātūrum esse wardārī wardātum esse wardātum īrī
participles wardāns wardātūrus wardātus wardandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
wardandī wardandō wardandum wardandō wardātum wardātū

Descendants edit

References edit

  • Niermeyer, Jan Frederik (1976) “wardare”, in Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus, Leiden, Boston: E. J. Brill, page 1129