zobs m

  1. plural of zob


 zobs on Latvian Wikipedia


From Proto-Balto-Slavic *źambas[1] (with irregular *am > Latvian o ([uo]); or perhaps from a parallel form *žanbas, since *an > Latvian o ([uo]) is a regular change), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵómbʰos ‎(tooth; row of teeth), itself from the stem *ǵembʰ- ‎(to bite), apparently a variant of synonymous *ǵebʰ. Cognates include Lithuanian žam̃bas ‎(log, beam edge; any sharp, angular object), žam̃bis ‎(wooden plow), Old Church Slavonic зѫбъ ‎(zǫbŭ), Russian, Belarusian, Ukrainian зуб ‎(zub), Bulgarian зъб ‎(zǎb), Czech zub, Polish ząb, Old High German chamb ‎(comb), Old Norse kambr, Old English camb, English comb, Albanian dhëmb ‎(tooth), Sanskrit जम्भः ‎(jámbhaḥ, tooth, fang), Ancient Greek γόμφος ‎(gómphos, nail, peg), γομφίος ‎(gomphíos, molar).[2]


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zobs m (1st declension)

  1. (anatomy) tooth (a hard, calcareous element in a structure present in the mouths of most vertebrates, used for biting and eating)
    veselīgi zobi‎ ― healthy teeth
    nedzīvs zobs‎ ― lifeless tooth
    zoba kronis‎ ― tooth crown
    zoba sakne‎ ― tooth root
    zoba emalja‎ ― tooth enamel
    zobu šķilšanās‎ ― teething (lit. teeth hatching)
    bērnam nāk zobi‎ ― the child's teeth are coming out
    zoba plombēšana‎ ― tooth filling
    zobu sāpes‎ ― toothache
    zobu protēze‎ ― denture (lit. tooth prosthesis)
    izraut zobu‎ ― to pull out a tooth
    tīrīt zobus ar suku‎ ― to clean (one's) teeth with a brush
    piena zobs‎ ― milk tooth
    acu zobs, acuzobs‎ ― eye tooth (i.e., canine tooth)
    gudrības zobs‎ ― wisdom tooth
    tik auksts, ka zobi klab‎ ― (it is) so cold that (one's) teeth chatter
  2. (on tools, objects) tooth (protuberance, usually pointed, and usually on the side)
    zāģa zobi‎ ― saw teeth
    ielikt pļaujmašīnai jaunu zobu‎ ― to add a new tooth to the mower
    pils torņa zobi‎ ― castle tower teeth (= battlement, crenels)
    viņš iedod atslēgu; tā ir pavisam jauna, smalki ievīlētiem zobiem‎ ― he gave the key; it is brand new, (with) finely filed teeth
  3. (of cutting tools) cutting edge (sharp side of the blade)
    izkapts zobs‎ ― the cutting edge (lit. tooth) of a scythe
    uzskati koku, ko cirvja zobs dziļi ievainojis‎ ― you are looking at a tree which the ax blade, edge (lit. tooth) hurt (= cut) deep


Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 549
  2. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “zobs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7