most

See also: Most, móst, mošt, and -most

Contents

EnglishEdit

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English most, moste, from Old English mǣst, māst, from Proto-Germanic *maistaz, *maist. Cognate with Scots mast, maist ‎(most), Saterland Frisian maast ‎(most), West Frisian meast ‎(most), Dutch meest ‎(most), German meist ‎(most), Danish and Swedish mest ‎(most), Icelandic mestur ‎(most).

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

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most

  1. Superlative form of much.
    I like most chocolate.
    The teams competed to see who could collect the most money.
  2. Superlative form of many.
    Most bakers and dairy farmers have to get up early.
    Winning was not important for most participants.

SynonymsEdit

  • (superlative of much): more than half of, (in meaning, not grammar), almost all
  • (superlative of many): the majority of (in meaning, not grammar)

TranslationsEdit

AdverbEdit

most ‎(not comparable)

  1. Superlative form of many.
  2. Superlative form of much.
    • 2013 August 3, “Boundary problems”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8847:
      Economics is a messy discipline: too fluid to be a science, too rigorous to be an art. Perhaps it is fitting that economists’ most-used metric, gross domestic product (GDP), is a tangle too. GDP measures the total value of output in an economic territory. Its apparent simplicity explains why it is scrutinised down to tenths of a percentage point every month.
  3. Forms the superlative of many adjectives.
    This is the most important example.
    Correctness is most important.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 7, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      With some of it on the south and more of it on the north of the great main thoroughfare that connects Aldgate and the East India Docks, St. Bede's at this period of its history was perhaps the poorest and most miserable parish in the East End of London.
    • 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 1, in A Cuckoo in the Nest[1]:
      “[…] the awfully hearty sort of Christmas cards that people do send to other people that they don't know at all well. You know. The kind that have mottoes [] . And then, when you see [the senders], you probably find that they are the most melancholy old folk with malignant diseases. […]”
  4. To a great extent or degree; highly; very.
    This is a most unusual specimen.
    • 1895, H. G. Wells, The Time Machine Chapter X
      Now, I still think that for this box of matches to have escaped the wear of time for immemorial years was a strange, and for me, a most fortunate thing.
  5. (informal, chiefly US) Almost.
    • 2000, Jewish Baltimore: A Family Album (ISBN 0801864275), page 159:
      "We walked there most every day after school."
    • 2011, Charlotte Maclay, Wanted: A Dad to Brag About (ISBN 1459274989):
      “Can't be all that bad if Luke likes it. Most everywhere has air-conditioning, he says.”

AntonymsEdit

The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. Use the template {{sense|"gloss"}}, substituting a short version of the definition for "gloss".
  • fewest (with countable nouns)
  • least (especially with uncountable nouns)

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

PronounEdit

most

  1. The greater part of a group, especially a group of people.
    Most want the best for their children.
    The peach was juicier and more flavourful than most.

SynonymsEdit

NounEdit

most ‎(usually uncountable, plural mosts)

  1. (uncountable) The greatest amount.
    The most I can offer for the house is $150,000.
  2. (countable, uncountable) The greater part.
    Most of the penguins were friendly and curious.
    • 1893, Walter Besant, The Ivory Gate, chapter III:
      At half-past nine on this Saturday evening, the parlour of the Salutation Inn, High Holborn, contained most of its customary visitors. [] In former days every tavern of repute kept such a room for its own select circle, a club, or society, of habitués, who met every evening, for a pipe and a cheerful glass.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 20, in The China Governess[2]:
      The story struck the depressingly familiar note with which true stories ring in the tried ears of experienced policemen. [] The second note, the high alarum, not so familiar and always important since it indicates the paramount sin in Man's private calendar, took most of them by surprise although they had been well prepared.
    • 2013 August 16, John Vidal, “Dams endanger ecology of Himalayas”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 10, page 8:
      Most of the Himalayan rivers have been relatively untouched by dams near their sources. Now the two great Asian powers, India and China, are rushing to harness them as they cut through some of the world's deepest valleys.
    Most of the rice was spoiled.
  3. (countable) A record-setting amount.

Usage notesEdit

  • In the sense of record, used when the positive denotation of best does not apply.

StatisticsEdit

Most common English words before 1923: good · never · shall · #101: most · where · those · own

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *mostъ ‎(bridge)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

most m

  1. bridge

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

External linksEdit

  • most in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • most in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

FriulianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin mustum.

NounEdit

most m ‎(plural mosts)

  1. must (unfermented grape juice or wine)

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the earlier ma ‎(now), which in modern Hungarian means “today”, with the suffix +‎ -st, compare örömest.[1]

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

most

  1. now

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gábor Zaicz, Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete, Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, ISBN 963 7094 01 6

Lower SorbianEdit

NounEdit

most m ‎(diminutive mosćik)

  1. Superseded spelling of móst.

DeclensionEdit


Old High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin mustum.

NounEdit

most m

  1. must

DescendantsEdit


PolishEdit

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *mostъ ‎(bridge)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

most m inan

  1. bridge (building over a river or valley)

DeclensionEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *mostъ ‎(bridge)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mȏst m ‎(Cyrillic spelling мо̑ст)

  1. bridge (construction or natural feature that spans a divide)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


SlovakEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *mostъ ‎(bridge)

NounEdit

most m ‎(genitive singular mosta, nominative plural mosty, declension pattern of dub)

  1. bridge

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

External linksEdit

  • most in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

SloveneEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *mostъ ‎(bridge)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

móst m inan ‎(genitive mostú or mósta, nominative plural mostôvi or mósti)

  1. bridge (construction or natural feature that spans a divide)

DeclensionEdit


VolapükEdit

NounEdit

most ‎(plural mosts)

  1. monster

DeclensionEdit

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