Last modified on 20 November 2014, at 07:14

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 151 +3, 10 strokes, cangjie input 山一口廿 (UMRT), four-corner 22108, composition)

  1. how?
  2. what?

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1191, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36249
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1654, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3565, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8C48

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (豈), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 微
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 袪狶切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɨiX/ /kʰe̯iX/ /kʰiəiX/ /kʰɨiX/ /kʰɨjX/ /kʰĭəiX/ /kʰiəiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kǎi ‹ khojX › /*C.qʰˤəәjʔ/ happy, pleasant
‹ khj+jX › /*C.qʰəәjʔ/ how

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10109 1 /*ŋ̥ʰɯːlʔ/ 同愷見小雅,說文微省聲而微所從又豈省聲,陳獨秀雲象還師奏鼓,後作凱
10123 1 /*ŋ̥ʰɯlʔ/

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

(hiragana あに, romaji ani)

  1. a rhetorical interrogative; (just) how
  2. expresses a strong denial; not at all, not in the least

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gae, gi) (hangeul , , revised gae, gi, McCune-Reischauer kae, ki, Yale kay, ki)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khởi)

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