Last modified on 18 December 2014, at 11:28

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (spirit (abbreviated as 田)) +  (claws, lower portion of , tiger) – a spirit/demon in shock/fear because of the claws (of a tiger).

From the Shuowen: “从甶,虎省。鬼頭而虎爪,可畏也。𤰲,古文省。” (“From 甶 and abridged [written as such in the Lesser Seal Script]. The head of a ghost encountering and frightened by the claws of a tiger. In the older script, [picture not shown, written with 甶 on top and 爪 below.]”)

has an identical pronunciation and also features 田 on the top, but isn't related accord to the Shuowen, although it's used as the fǎnqiè of 畏.

Han characterEdit

(radical 102 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 田一女 (WMV), four-corner 60732)

  1. fear, dread, awe, reverence

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 760, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21778
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1170, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2532, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+754F

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (畏), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 微
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 於胃切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔʉiH/ /ʔwe̯iH/ /ʔiuəiH/ /ʔʷɨiH/ /ʔujH/ /ĭwəiH/ /ʔiuəiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wèi ‹ 'jw+jH › /*ʔuj-s/ fear (v.); threaten

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12939 2 /*quls/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(oe) (hangeul , revised oe, McCune-Reischauer oe, Yale oy)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(úy, , hoáy, hoay)

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