Cognate with Dutch -st.
- Used to form the superlative of adjectives and adverbs.
- longest, biggest, fastest
- See -er for notes on the usage of this suffix to form superlatives.
- Occasionally, the -est suffix will be added to a verb as a substitute for "most X". An example is winningest.
superlative of adjectives and adverbs
- Armenian: ամենա- (amena-), -գույն (-guyn)
- Czech: nej-
- Danish: -est
- Dutch: -ste (nl)
- Finnish: (for adjectives) -in (fi)
- French: le plus (put before the adjective), eg. biggest = le plus grand
- German: -ste
- Japanese: 一番 (いちばん, ichiban; placed before the adjective)
- Malay: ter-
- Bokmål: -est, (before most long adjectives or adverbs) mest (no)
- Nynorsk: -ast, (before most long adjectives or adverbs) mest
- Polish: naj- (pl), najbardziej (before the adjective or adverb)
- Serbian: naj-
- Spanish: (before the adjective or adverb) el más
- Swedish: -ast (sv) (1), mest (sv) (before the adjective or adverb) (1)
- Welsh: -af
This definition is lacking an etymology or has an incomplete etymology. You can help Wiktionary by giving it a proper etymology.
- (archaic) Used to form the second-person singular present tense of verbs.
- goest, makest
second-person singular present tense of verbs
Last modified on 27 November 2013, at 14:02
- suffix forming feminine nouns, originally from verbs
- eornost "earnest"
- þēnest "service"
- ofost "haste"
- orrest "battle, combat"
Declension of -est (strong ō-stem)