Last modified on 24 August 2014, at 22:46



From Middle English baken, from Old English bacan (to bake), from Proto-Germanic *bakaną (to bake), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰōg- (to roast, bake). Cognate with West Frisian bakke (to bake), Dutch bakken (to bake), Low German backen (to bake), German backen (to bake), Danish bage (to bake), Swedish baka (to bake), Ancient Greek φώγω (phṓgō, roast, verb), Persian پختن (pokhtan, to bake, verb).



bake (third-person singular simple present bakes, present participle baking, simple past and past participle baked)

  1. (transitive or intransitive) To cook (something) in an oven.
    I baked a delicious cherry pie.
    She's been baking all day to prepare for the dinner.
  2. (transitive) To dry by heat.
  3. (intransitive) To prepare food by baking it.
  4. (intransitive) To be baked to heating or drying.
    The clay baked in the sun.
  5. (intransitive, figuratively) To be hot.
    It is baking in the greenhouse.
    I'm baking after that workout in the gym.
  6. (intransitive, slang) To smoke marijuana.
  7. To harden by cold.
    • Shakespeare:
      The earth [] is baked with frost.
    • Spenser:
      They bake their sides upon the cold, hard stone.

Usage notesEdit

In the dialects of northern England, the simple past book and past participle baken are sometimes encountered.


Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


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bake (plural bakes)

  1. (UK, New Zealand) Any of various baked dishes resembling casserole.
    • 2009, Rosalind Peters, Kate Pankhurst, Clive Boursnell, Midnight Feast Magic: Sleepover Fun and Food
      If you happen to have small, heat-proof glass or ceramic pots in your kitchen (known as ramekins) then you can make this very easy pasta bake in fun-size, individual portions.
  2. The act of cooking food by baking.





From Latin pax, pace.



  1. peace


Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit


bake (plural bakes)

  1. bat (flying rodent)