Last modified on 30 July 2014, at 09:24

fruit

EnglishEdit

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Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

(1125–75) Middle English fruit, frut "fruits and vegetables" from Old French fruit, from Latin fructus, a derivative of Latin frui (to have the benefit of, to use, to enjoy), from Proto-Indo-European *bhrug- (to make use of, to have enjoyment of); cognate with Modern German brauchen "to use", English brook "to tolerate". Displaced native Middle English ovet (fruit) (from Old English ofett (fruit); > English ovest (mast, nuts, acorns)), Middle English wastum, wastom (fruit, growth) (from Old English wæstm (growth, produce, increase, fruit)), and Middle English blede (fruit, flower, offspring) (from Old English blēd (fruit, flower)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fruit (countable and uncountable, plural fruits) (see Usage notes for discussion of plural)

  1. (botany) The seed-bearing part of a plant, often edible, colourful/colorful and fragrant, produced from a floral ovary after fertilization.
    While cucumber is technically a fruit, one would not usually use it to make jam.
  2. Any sweet, edible part of a plant that resembles seed-bearing fruit, even if it does not develop from a floral ovary; also used in a technically imprecise sense for some sweet or sweetish vegetables, such as rhubarb, that resemble a true fruit or are used in cookery as if they were a fruit.
    Fruit salad is a simple way of making fruits into a dessert.
  3. An end result, effect, or consequence; advantageous or advantageous result.
    His long nights in the office eventually bore fruit when his business boomed and he was given a raise.
    • Shakespeare
      the fruit of rashness
    • Bible, Isaiah iii. 10
      They shall eat the fruit of their doings.
    • Macaulay
      The fruits of this education became visible.
  4. Offspring from a sexual union.
    The litter was the fruit of the union between our whippet and their terrier.
    • Shakespeare
      King Edward's fruit, true heir to the English crown
  5. (colloquial, derogatory, dated) A homosexual or effeminate man.

Usage notesEdit

  • In the botanical and figurative senses, fruit is usually treated as uncountable:
    a bowl of fruit; eat plenty of fruit; the tree provides fruit.
  • fruits is also sometimes used as the plural in the botanical sense:
    berries, achenes, and nuts are all fruits; the fruits of this plant split into two parts.
  • When fruit is treated as uncountable in the botanical sense, a piece of fruit is often used as a singulative.
  • In senses other than the botanical or figurative ones derived from the botanical sense, the plural is fruits.
  • The culinary sense often does not cover true fruits that are savoury or used chiefly in savoury foods, such as tomatoes and peas. These are normally described simply as vegetables.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

VerbEdit

fruit (third-person singular simple present fruits, present participle fruiting, simple past and past participle fruited)

  1. To produce fruit.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit


CatalanEdit

Catalan Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ca

EtymologyEdit

Latin fructus

NounEdit

fruit m (plural fruits)

  1. fruit

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch fruut, froyt, from Old French fruit.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fruit n (uncountable)

  1. fruit (produced by trees or bushes, or any sweet vegetable)

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin fructus (enjoyment, proceeds, profits, produce, income), a derivative of frui (to have the benefit of, to use, to enjoy), from Proto-Indo-European *bhrug- (to make use of, to have enjoyment of).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fruit m (plural fruits)

  1. fruit

Derived termsEdit

External linksEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Latin fructus

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fruit m (oblique plural fruiz, nominative singular fruiz, nominative plural fruit)

  1. fruit