Last modified on 18 October 2014, at 18:45

favor

See also: favör and favør

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Anglo-Norman favour, from mainland Old French favor, from Latin favor, respelled in American English to more closely match its Latin etymon.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

favor (plural favors) (US, alternative in Canada)

  1. A kind or helpful deed; an instance of voluntarily assisting (someone).
    He did me a favor when he took the time to drive me home.
  2. Goodwill; benevolent regard.
    She enjoyed the queen's favor.
    to fall out of favor
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, The Celebrity:
      Then came a maid with hand-bag and shawls, and after her a tall young lady. [] She looked around expectantly, and recognizing Mrs. Cooke's maid [] Miss Thorn greeted her with a smile which greatly prepossessed us in her favor.
  3. A small gift; a party favor.
    At the holiday dinner, the hosts had set a favor by each place setting.
    A marriage favour is a bunch or knot of white ribbons or white flowers worn at a wedding.
    • Shakespeare
      Wear thou this favour for me, and stick it in thy cap.
  4. Mildness or mitigation of punishment; lenity.
    • Jonathan Swift
      I could not discover the lenity and favour of this sentence.
  5. The object of regard; person or thing favoured.
    • Milton
      All these his wondrous works, but chiefly man, / His chief delight and favour.
  6. (obsolete) Appearance; look; countenance; face.
    • Shakespeare
      This boy is fair, of female favour.
  7. (law) Partiality; bias.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Bouvier to this entry?)
  8. (archaic, polite) A letter.
    Your favour of yesterday is received.
  9. (obsolete, in the plural) lovelocks
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wright to this entry?)

Usage notesEdit

  • Favor is the standard US spelling, and an alternative in Canada. Favour is the standard spelling in Canada and outside North America.
  • English speakers usually "do someone a favor" (rather than *"make them a favor", which would be sense 3 only). See Appendix:Collocations of do, have, make, and take for uses and meaning of favour collocated with these words.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

favor (third-person singular simple present favors, present participle favoring, simple past and past participle favored) (US, alternative in Canada)

  1. (transitive)  To look upon fondly; to prefer.
    • And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favored, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women. —Luke 1:28, King James version, 1611
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 6, The China Governess[1]:
      Even in an era when individuality in dress is a cult, his clothes were noticeable. He was wearing a hard hat of the low round kind favoured by hunting men, and with it a black duffle-coat lined with white.
  2. (transitive)  To do a favor [noun sense 1] for; to show beneficence toward.
    Would you favor us with a poetry reading?
  3. (transitive)  To treat with care.
    Favoring your sore leg will only injure the other one.
  4. (transitive)  To have a similar appearance, to look like another person.
    You favor your grandmother more than your mother.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Derived termsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From faveō (I am well disposed or inclined toward, favor, countentance, befriend).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

favor m (genitive favōris); third declension

  1. good will, inclination, partiality, favor

InflectionEdit

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative favor favōrēs
genitive favōris favōrum
dative favōrī favōribus
accusative favōrem favōrēs
ablative favōre favōribus
vocative favor favōrēs

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • favor in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • favor in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin favor (favour; good will), from faveō (I favour), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰoweh₁ (to notice).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

favor m (plural favores)

  1. favour (instance of voluntarily assisting someone)
  2. favour; goodwill (benevolent regard)

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin favor, favoris.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /faˈβor/
  • Hyphenation: fa‧vor

NounEdit

favor m (plural favores)

  1. favor

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


VenetianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare Italian favore

NounEdit

favor m (plural favuri)

  1. favour